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intro to genetics II

genetics terms and cloning

QuestionAnswer
A single inherited trait represented by a SINGLE letter Allele
The trait that "overpowers" another trait whenever present in a pair of alleles. Dominant
A trait that is"overpowered" by another. Recessive
A pair of inherited alleles that determine the trait. Genotype
The physical expression of a trait Phenotype
Two of the same alleles together. Homozygous/Purebred
Two different alleles together. Heterozygous
Whose genetic information determines the gender of a human baby? Father
If a homozygous dominant pair is crossed with a heterozygous pair, what percent of the offspring could be recessive? zero
A change in the base sequence of DNA is called a(n)? Mutation
The offspring produced by the singe-celled organism is a _________________ of the parent cell. Clone
The process used to create "Dolly" the famous sheep is called? Cloning
Which sheep will "Dolly" look like? The sheep that donated the "udder" cell
The probability that a human offspring will be a male is? 50%
Identical twins are formed when? A fertilized egg splits
Does the offspring of Clyde and Claire favor one parent or is it random? Random
Considering Clyde and Claire, which parent will most likely determine the gender of the child? Father
This provides the instructions for all cell activity including genetic traits DNA
The Father of modern genetics Gregor Mendel
The creator of the tool that is used to determine the probability of the outcome of offspring. Reginald Punnett
Created by: racolonna