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Potter & Perry Ch 33

Complementary and Alternative Therapies Table 33-1

TermDefinition
Dietary Supplements Defined by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education ACT of 1994 and used to supplement dietary/nutritional intake by mouth, contain one or more dietary ingredients, including vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other botanical products
Herbal Medicines Plant-based therapies used in whole systems of medicine or as individual preparations by allopathic providers and consumers for specific symptoms or issues
Mycotherapies Fungi-based (mushrooms) products
Probiotics Live microorganisms ( in most cases, bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microorganisms found in the human gastrointestinal system; also called good bacteria
Healing Touch Biofield therapy; uses gentle touch directly on or close to body to influence and support the human energy system and bring balance to the whole body; a formal educational and certification system provides credentials for practitioners
Reiki Therapy Biofield therapy derived from ancient Buddhist rituals; practitioner places hands on or above a body area and transfers "universal life energy," providing strength, harmony, and balance to treat a patient's health disturbances
Therapeutic Touch Biofield therapy involving direction of a practitioner's balanced energies in an intentional manner toward those of a patient; practitioner's hands lay on or close to a patient's body.
Acupressure Applying digital pressure in a specified way on designated points on the body to relieve pain, produce analgesia, or regulate a body function
Chiropractic Medicine Manipulating the spinal column; includes physiotherapy and diet therapy
Craniosacral Therapy Assessing the craniosacral motion for rate, amplitude, symmetry, and quality and attuning/aligning the spinal column, cerebrospinal fluid, and rhythmic processes, releasing restrictions or abnormal barriers to motion
Massage Therapy Manipulating soft tissue through stroking, rubbing, or kneading to increase circulation, improve muscle tone, and provide relaxation
Biofeedback Process providing a person with visual or auditory information about autonomic physiological functions of the body such as muscle tension, skin temperature, and brain wave activity through the use of instruments
Breathwork Using a variety of breathing patterns to relax, invigorate, or open emotional channels
Guided Imagery Concentrating on an image or series of images to treat pathological conditions
Meditation Self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mid with focused rhythmic breathing
Music Therapy Using music to address physical, psychological, cognitive, and social needs of individuals with disabilities and illnesses; improves physical movement and/or communication, develops emotional expression, evokes memories, and distracts people in pain
Tai Chi Incorporating breath, movement, and meditation to cleanse, strengthen, and circulate vital life energy and blood; stimulate the immune system; and maintain external and internal balance
Yoga Focuses on body musculature, posture, breathing mechanisms, and consciousness; goal is attainment of physical and mental well-being through mastery of body achieved through exercise, holding of postures, proper breathing, and meditation
Dance Therapy Intimate and powerful medium because it is a direct expression of the mind and body, treats people with social, emotional, cognitive, or physical problems
Pilates Method of body movement used to strengthen, lengthen, and improve the voluntary control of muscles and muscle groups, especially those used for posture and core strengthening
Ayurvedic Medicine One of the oldest systems of medicine practiced in India since the first century AD. Treatments balance the doshas with a combination of dietary and lifestyle changes, herbal remedies and purgatives, massage, meditation, and exercise
Homeopathic Medicine It is a system of medical treatments based on the theory that certain diseases can be cured by giving small, highly diluted doses of substances made from naturally occurring pant, animal, or mineral substance that stimulate the vital force of the body
Latin American Traditional Healing (Curanderismo) A Latin American traditional healing system that includes a humoral model for classifying food, activity, drugs, and illnesses and a series of folk illnesses. The goal is to create a balance between the patient and his/her environment.
Naturopathic Medicine A system of therapeutics focused on treating the whole person and promoting health and well-being rather than an individual disease.
Therapeutics Include herbal medicine, nutritional supplementation, physical medicine, homeopathy, lifestyle counseling, and mind-body therapies with an orientation toward assisting the person's internal capacity for self-healing (vitalism)
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) It's focused on balancing yin/yang energies. It is a set of systematic techniques and methods, including acupuncture, herbal medicines, massage, acupressure, moxibustion, Qi gong,, cupping, and massage.
Moxibustion Use of heat from burning herbs
Qi Gong Balancing energy flow through body movement
Created by: jcalhoun67