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muscular system

Muscular Mrs D

TermDefinition
abduction the movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of the body, or from another part.
achilles tendinitis the band of tissue that connects calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to your heel bone. Achilles tendinitis most commonly occurs in runners who have suddenly increased the intensity or duration of their runs.
adduction is the movement of a body part toward the body's midline
adhesion an abnormal union of membranous surfaces due to inflammation or injury.
anticholinergic drug agent is a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system.
ataxia the loss of full control of bodily movements.
atonic lacking muscular tone.
atrophy (of body tissue or an organ) waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells, or become vestigial during evolution.
atrophine a poisonous compound found in deadly nightshade and related plants. It is used in medicine as a muscle relaxant, e.g., in dilating the pupil of the eye.
Becker's muscular dystophy is one of nine types of muscular dystrophy, a group of genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles.
bradykinesia Slow movement. Bradykinesia is often associated with an impaired ability to adjust the body's position
cardioplegia is intentional and temporary cessation of cardiac activity, primarily for cardiac surgery.
carpal tunnel syndrome a painful condition of the hand and fingers caused by compression of a major nerve where it passes over the carpal bones through a passage at the front of the wrist, alongside the flexor tendons of the hand
cervical radiculopathy is a problem that results when a nerve in the neck is irritated as it leaves the spinal canal. This condition usually occurs when a nerve root is being pinched by a herniated disc or a bone spur.
circumduction movement of a limb or extremity so that the distal end describes a circle while the proximal end remains fixed.
claudication Limping a condition in which cramping pain in the leg is induced by exercise, typically caused by obstruction of the arteries.
contracture a condition of shortening and hardening of muscles, tendons, or other tissue, often leading to deformity and rigidity of joints.
dorsiflexion flexion in a dorsal direction; especially : flexion of the foot in an upward direction—compare plantar flexion.
duchenn's muscular dystrophy a severe form of muscular dystrophy caused by a genetic defect and usually affecting boys.
dyskinesia abnormality or impairment of voluntary movement.
dystaxia lack of muscular coordination resulting in shaky limb movements and unsteady gait.
dystonia a state of abnormal muscle tone resulting in muscular spasm and abnormal posture, typically due to neurological disease or a side effect of drug therapy.
electromyography the recording of the electrical activity of muscle tissue, or its representation as a visual display or audible signal, using electrodes attached to the skin or inserted into the muscle.
electroneuromyography Electromyography in which the peripheral nerves to the muscle under study are stimulated with electric current.
epicondylitis a painful inflammation of tendons surrounding an epicondyle.
ergonomics the study of people's efficiency in their working environment.
fasciitis inflammation of the fascia of a muscle or organ.
fascioplasty Plastic surgery on a fascia
fasciotomy is a surgical procedure where the fascia is cut to relieve tension or pressure commonly to treat the resulting loss of circulation to an area of tissue or muscle.
fibromyalgia syndrome is a common and chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, diffuse tenderness, and a number of other symptoms.
hemiparesis another term for hemiplegia.
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body.
hyperkinesia muscle spasm.
hypokinesia refers to decreased bodily movement.
impingement syndrome is a clinical syndrome which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed as they pass through the subacromial space, the passage beneath the acromion
kinesiology the study of the mechanics of body movements.
muscular dystophy a hereditary condition marked by progressive weakening and wasting of the muscles.
myalgia pain in a muscle or group of muscles.
myasthenia a condition causing abnormal weakness of certain muscles.
myasthenia a condition causing abnormal weakness of certain muscles.
myectomy is a surgical procedure performed to reduce the muscle thickening that occurs in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).
myocele Protrusion of muscle substance through a tear in its sheath
myoclonus spasmodic jerky contraction of groups of muscles.
myofascial pain refers to pain caused by muscular irritation.
myolysis Dissolution or liquefaction of muscular tissue, frequently preceded by degenerative changes such as infiltration of fat, atrophy, and fatty degeneration.
myotonia inability to relax voluntary muscle after vigorous effort.
oblique a muscle neither parallel nor perpendicular to the long axis of a body or limb.
paraplegia paralysis of the legs and lower body, typically caused by spinal injury or disease.
polymyositis is a type of chronic inflammation of the muscles (inflammatory myopathy) related to dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis
pronation rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards
quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs; tetraplegia.
rectus any of several straight structures, in particular.
singultus is a spasmodic affection of the diaphragm
spasmodic torticollis is a painful condition in which your neck muscles contract involuntarily, causing your head to twist or turn to one side
sphincter a ring of muscle surrounding and serving to guard or close an opening or tube, such as the anus or the openings of the stomach.
supination turn or hold (a hand, foot, or limb) so that the palm or sole is facing upward or outward
tardive dyskinesia a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary movements of the face and jaw.
tenalgia Pain in a tendon
tendinitis inflammation of a tendon, most commonly from overuse but also from infection or rheumatic disease.
tendonitis inflammation of a tendon, most commonly from overuse but also from infection or rheumatic disease.
tenectomy The surgical resection of part of a tendon
tenodesis grasp and release is an orthopedic observation of a passive hand grasp and release mechanism, effected by wrist extension or flexion, respectively
tenolysis is surgery to release a tendon affected by adhesions
tenonectomy excision of part of a tendon to shorten it.
tenoplasty surgical repair of a ruptured or severed tendon
tenorrhaphy The surgical suture of the divided ends of a tendon. Also called tendinosuture, tenosuture.
tenotomy the surgical cutting of a tendon, especially as a remedy for club foot.
Created by: Roseforfrog