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Gen. org. & proteins

This reviews vocab words relating to genetic organization and protein synthesis.

QuestionAnswer
DNA contains the unique genetic code for each organism
Gene a section of DNA that codes for a particular protein
Chromosome an organized section of DNA (humans have 46 chromosomes)
Nucleotide Made up of one sugar, one phosphate and one base; these line up and pair up to make DNA
Synthesis to build or to make from simple to complex
Protein Synthesis using the DNA code to line amino acids in the correct order to make a protein
amino acids the small parts that chain together in a specific order to make a protein
mRNA a copy of the DNA code that can leave the nucleus and travel to the ribosome
tRNA these transfer the amino acids to the ribosome
ribosome the location of Protein Synthesis in cells
nitrogen bases The four bases (A,T,C,G) that line up to make the DNA code
Created by: mbiata@rhnet.org