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Skeletal system

Skeletal system Mrs D

TermDefinition
allogenic a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body
ankylosing spondylitis a form of spinal arthritis, chiefly affecting young males, that eventually causes ankylosis of vertebral and sacro-iliac joints
ankylosis abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint due to fusion of the bones
arthrocentesis clinical procedure of using a syringe to collect synovial fluid from a joint capsule.
arthrodesis surgical immobilization of a joint by fusion of the adjacent bones
arthrolysis restoration of mobility in stiff and ankylosed joints through the process of disrupting intraarticular and extraarticular adhesions
arthroplasty the surgical reconstruction or replacement of a joint
arthrosclerosis stiffness or hardening of the joints
arthroscopic surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, and endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision
arthroscopy surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint though a small incision
autologous cells, or tissues obtained from the same individual
bursectromy removal of a bursa, which is a small sac filled with synovial fluid that cushions adjacent bone structures and reduces friction in joint movement
bursitis inflammation of the fluid-filled pads that act as cushions at the joints
callus showing of having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others
chondroma a benign cartilaginous tumor, which is encapsulated with a lobular growing pattern.
chondromalacia Damage to the cartilage under the kneecap
chondroplsty the damaged tissue is removed, allowing healthy cartilage to grow in its place.
comminuted reduced to minute particles or fragments
craniectomy a procedure in which part of the skull is removed to allow a swelling brain room to expand without being squeezed.
cranioplasty surgical repair of a defect or deformity of a skull
crepitation a cracking or rattling sound
crepitus creaky joints can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease.
cruciate Cross-shaped
Ewing's sarcoma rare type of cancer that affects mostly children and teenagers.
exostosis a benign outgrowth of cartilaginous tissue or a bone
fontanel a space between the bones of the skull in an infant or fetus, where ossification is not complete and the sutures not fully formed.
gouty arthritis extremely painful attack with rapid onset of joint inflammation. The inflammation is precipitated by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the lining of the joint and the fluid within the joint.
hallux valgus a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe
hematopoietic stem cells that give rise to all the other blood cells through the process or haematopoiesis.
kyphosis forward rounding of the back
laminextomy surgery that creates space by removing the lamina- the back part of the vertebra that covers your spinal canal.
lordosis curving inward of the lower back.
lumbago physical discomfort with pain affecting the lower half of the back, varying in intensity from a dull ache to incapacitating
luxation an injury where a joint is forced out of normal position
manubrium a handle-shaped projection or part, in particular. the broad upper part of the sternum of mammals, with which the clavicles and first ribs articulate.
maxiallary of or attached to a jaw or jawbone, especially the upper jaw
myeloma a cancer of plasma cells
orthopedist a physician who corrects congenital or functional abnormalities of the bones with surgery, casting, and bracing.
orthotics the branch of medicine that deals with the provision and use of artificial devices such as splints and braces
ostectomy a procedure involving the removal of bone
osteitis inflammation of the substance of a bone
osteitis deformans a disease that disrupts the replacement of old bone tissue with new bones tissues
osteoarthritis a type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down
osteochondroma an overgrowth of cartilage and none that happens at the end of the bone near the growth plate.
osteoclasis surgical destruction of bone tissue. It is performed to reconstruct a bone that is malformed, often a broken bone that healed improperly. the none is broken and then reshaped with the aid of metal pins, casting, and bracing.
osteomalacia softening of the bones, typically through a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium
osteomylitis inflammation of bone caused by infection, generally in the legs, arm, or spine
osteoplasty branch of surgery concerned with bone repair or bone grafting.
osteoporosis a condition in which bones become weak and brittle
osteorrhaphy the surgical suturing or joining or fragments of broken bone, usually by wiring them together.
osteotomy a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment
paget's a chronic bone disorder that typically results in enlarged, deformed, bones dues to excessive breakdown and formation or bone tissue that can cause bones to weaken and may result in bone pain arthritis, deformities or fractures
patella the knee cap
percutaneous dikectomy a surgical procedure in which the central portion of an intervertebral disc is accessed and removed through a cannula
periostotomy incision of the periosteum
periosteum further back in position ; of or nearer the rear or hind end, especially of the body or a part of it
periostitis pain caused by overuse along the the shinbone the large front bone in the lower leg
podiatrist a person who studies and does medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and lower extremity
popliteal related to or situated in teh hollow at the back of the knee
rheumatorid arthritis a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet
rheumatologist a physician who treat arthritis, autoimmune diseases, pain disorders affecting joints, and osetoporosis
rickets a softening and weakening of bones in children, usually due to inadequate vitamin D
sacrolilac a joint between the sacrum and the ilium bones of the pelvis, which are connected by strong ligaments
scoliosis a sideways curvature of the spine
spina bifida a birth defect in which a developing baby's spinal cord fails to develop properly
spondylitis inflammation of the vertebra
spondylolisthesis a spinal disorder in which a bone slips forward onto the bone below it.
spondylosis a general term for hte age-related wear and tear of the spinal disk
subluxation a partial dislocation
synovectomy the destruction of surgical removal of the membrane that lines a joint.
synovitis inflammation of the synovial membrane
talipes a birth defect in which the foot it twisted out of shape or position
vertebrae each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, having several projections for articulation and muscle attachment, and a hole through which the spinal cord passes
vertebral relating to a vertebra or the vertebrae
ankyl/o
arthr/o
chondr/o
cost/o
crani/o
-desis
kyph/o
lord/o
-lysis
myel/o
oss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o
-poietic
spondyl/o
-um
Created by: Roseforfrog