Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

EOY Test Review

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
chemical digestion Digestion process in which enzymes are used to change foods into smaller molecules
excretory system the system that removes waste from your body and controls water balance
cell Basic unit of life
tissue A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
organ A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organ system A group of organs that work together in performing vital body functions.
nervous system Detects information from the environment and controls body functions
circulatory system Consists of the heart, blood vessels, and the blood. Fundamental purpose is to transport substances from place to place in the body
muscular system Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and ligaments that attach bones together to form joint
skeletal system Protects and supports organs and provides a framework the muscles use to support movement. Made up of bones and joints.
respiratory system system responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide using the lungs
integumentary system Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nails
digestive system Breaks down food into smaller molecules and absorbs these nutrients into the body
mechanical digestion Takes place when food is chewed, mixed, and churned.
enzyme A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
amino acids Building blocks of protein
carbohydrates Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
lipids Break down into fatty acids, provides energy and help your body absorb vitamins.
glucose A kind of sugar the cell uses
nerve Tissue that carries messages back and forth between the brain and every other part of the body
asexual reproduction Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
sexual reproduction Reproduction that requires two parents
heredity Passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics Scientific study of heredity
gene A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait.
trait A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
cell theory All organisms are made of cells and come from other cells
organelle A tiny structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
chloroplast an organelle in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis takes place.
vacuole A sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
nucleus Control center of the cell which contains DNA
DNA A molecule containing genetic information
chromosome a rod-shaped cellular structure that contains DNA, humans have 23 pairs
cell membrane A thin, flexible barrier around a cell that regulates what enters and leaves the cell
cell wall The stiff outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms
cytoplasm A jellylike fluid inside the cell which contains the organelles
mitochondria A provider of energy for a cell that breaks down glucose for energy
photosynthesis the process by which plants and some other organisms capture light energy and use it to make food from carbon dioxide and water
turgor pressure The pressure that water molecules exert against the cell wall when vacuoles are full
dichotomous key a key for the identification of organisms
eukaryote A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
prokaryote A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
unicellular Made of a single cell
multicellular Made up of more than one cell.
autotrophic An organism that makes its own food.
heterotrophic An organism that cannot make its own food
homeostasis Maintaining internal stability (sweating, chill bumps, stomach growls, movement of nutrients in and waste out through cell membrane)
internal stimulus A change from within an organism, such as hunger and thirst, that causes the organism to respond
external stimulus Anything outside the body of the organism that can cause a response in an organism
response A change in behavior that occurs in reaction to a stimulus
tropism A growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus
geotropism A plant's response to gravity
phototropism A plant's response to light
natural selection Process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully
selective breeding human selection of organisms with desired traits to serve as parents of the next generation
Created by: jfcason