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Human body

Health and disease Mrs D

TermDefinition
Abdomen the part of the body of the vertebrate containing the difestive organs: the belly
Abdominal relating to the abdomen
Abdominopelvic it is a a cavity that consist of the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity. contains the stomach, liver, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and most of the small and large intestines.
Adenectomy a surgical removal of all or part of a gland
Adenitis inflammation of a gland
Adenoma a benign tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue
Adenomalacia softening of a gland
Adenosclerosis hardening of a gland
Adenosis adenosis the breast lobules are enlarged, and there are more glands than usual.
Adipose tissue used for the storage of fat
Anaplasia condition of cells in which they have poor cellular differentiation, losing the morphological characteristics of mature cells and their orientation with respect to each other and endothelial cells
Anatomy the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.
Anomaly Something that deviates from what is standard normal, or expected
Anterior nearer to the front, especially situated in the front of the body or nearer to the head
Aplasia the failure of an organ or tissue to develop or to function normally
Ascites abdominal swelling caused by accumulation of fluid, most often related to liver disease
Caudal near the tail or the posterior part of the body
Cephalic of, in or relating to the head
Chromosomes a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
communicable able to be communicated to others
Congenital often-inherited medical condition that occurs at or before birth
Coronal relating to the crown or corona of something, in particular
Cytology the study of cells
Cytoplasm the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
Deoxyribonucleic molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses
Distal situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment
Dorsal of, on, or relating to the upper side of back of an animal, plant, or organ.
Dysplasia the presence of cells of an abnormal type within a tissue, which may signify a stage preceding the development of cancer
Endemic of a disease or condition regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
Endocrine relating to or denoting glands that secrete hormones or other products directly into the blood
Epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
Epidemiologist a person who study the history of words, their origins, and how their for and meaning have changed over time.
Epigastric is the upper central region of the abdomen
Epithelial relating to or denoting the thin tissue forming the outer layer of a body's surface and lining the alimentary canal and other hollow strucures
Etiology the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition
Exocrine relating to or denoting glands that secrete their products through ducts opening onto a epithelium rather than directly into the bloodstream
Geneticist a biologist who studies genetics, the science of genes, heredity, and variation of organisms
hemophilia inherited in an x-linked recessive pattern. the genes associated with these conditions are located on the X chromosome, which is one of the two sex chromosomes. In males one altered copy of the gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the condition
histologist a professional who studies the microscopic structure of tissue
histology the study of the microscopic structure of tissues
homeostasis the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes.
hyperplasia the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increased in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer
hypochondriac obsession with the idea of having a serious but un-diagnosed medical condition
hypogastric the hypogastrium, a region of the abdomen. hypogastric vein
hypoplasia the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of it's cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer
iatrogenic relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment
idiopathic relating to or denoting any disease or condition that arises spontaneously or for which the cause is unknown
iliac relating to the ilium or the nearby regions of the lower body
infectious a disease caused by microorganisms that invade tissue
inguinal of the groin
laparoscopy a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through a cut in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or the female pelvic organs
lumbar relating to the lower part of the back
membrane a pliable sheetlike structure acting as a boundary, lining or partition in a organism
mesentery a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen
midsagittal the median vertical longitudinal plane that divides a bilaterally symmetrical animal into right and left halves-called also median plane
nosocomial originating in a hospital
nucleus the central and most important part of an object, movement, or group, forming the basis for its activity and growth
pandemic an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread though human populations across a large region: for instance multiple continents. or even worldwide
parietal peritoneum the inner layer, the visceral peritoneum, is wrapped around the visceral organs, located inside the intraperitoneal space for protection.
pathologist a person who studies disease and modern medicine
pathology a significant component of the causal study of disease and a major field in modern medicine and diagnosis
pelvic relating to or situated within the bony pelvis
peritoneum the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum, typically caused by bacterial infection either via the blood or after rupture of an abdominal organ
phenylketonuria a birth defect that causes an amino acid called phenylalanine to build up in the body
physiology the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts
posterior further back in position of or nearer the rear or hind end, especially of the body or a part of it.
proximal situated nearer to the center of the body or the point of attachment
retroperitoneal situated or occurring behind the peritoneum
sagittal relating to or denoting the suture on top of the skull that runs between the parietal bones in a front to back direction
thoracic relating to the thorax
transverse situated or extending across something
umbilical relating to or affecting the navel or umbilical cord
ventral of, on, or relating to the underside of an animal or plant; abdominal
visceral relating to the viscera
aden/o
adip/o
caud/o
cephal/o
col/o
coron/o
cyt/o
hepat/o
hist/o
hyster/o
lapar/o
nephr/o
oste/o
path/o
retr/o
Created by: Roseforfrog