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Chapter 2

Quiz results from chapter 2

QuestionAnswer
Which group of people would agree with the statement that "the more people, the more ideas we receive and the more solutions that will be generated"? Cornucopianists
The IPAT equation explains environmental impact as a function of: population, affluence, and technology.
Development initially has a large ___________ impact on the environment. Negative
After a period of economic transition and regulations, development is predicted to lead to a ___________________ in environmental impacts. Decrease
Most developed nations would fit into the second stage of the demographic transition model. False
Neo-Malthusians view _______ as the main limit of population growth. scarce resources
Which theorist stated the following: “The Poor Laws of England tend to depress the general condition of the poor… they may be said, therefore, to create the poor which they maintain.” Thomas Malthus
World population did not reach 1 billion people until approximately what year? 1800
Developing countries (overall), have a much higher fertility rate than industrialized countries. True
The fertility rate is the average number of children born to a woman during her reproductive years. True
The term that describes how many goods per capita per person are consumed in an area or country of total production is what? Affluence
All of the following are critiques of the Green Revolution and the Cornucopian Theory, except what? Increased food supplies will be distributed more evenly across the world than before.
Compared to long-term growth patterns, population growth rates since the 1960's have been doing what? Decreasing
The idea that increased food demand leads to technological innovation that increases food production on the same amount of available land is known as what? Induced intensification
_______ argued that technology leads to greater environmental impact than population. Barry Commoner
The area of the earth’s surface that would be required to support a population based on the number of resources needed to sustain a particular lifestyle is known as _______. an ecological footprint
High levels of women's education and literacy are associated with lower total fertility rates. True
All of the following are reasons why the fertility rate is low in Kerala, India, except: Result of India's sterilization program in the 1950's.
Which theorists developed the I = PAT equation? Ehrlich and Holdren
The "Forest Transition Theory" is explained by which model? Environmental Kuznet's Curve
Which of the following is a criticism of population-centered thinking? It directs policy action, blame, and social control onto women and their bodies.
We are expected to reach a population of 8 billion in fewer years than it took for Earth's population to move from 6 billion to 7 billion. False
All of the following lead to greater crop yields under the Cornucopian Theory, except what? Decreased fertility rate
Carrying capacity is the maximum number of people that a system can sustain over a period of time, assuming a particular lifestyle. True
Stage I in the demographic transition model describes a situation in which: birth rates are high and death rates are high.
Which of the following is not a given critique of the rationale behind the I=PAT equation? Does not show the relationship between affluence and technology as it relates to the population.
The demographic transition model shows population growth as a function of resource scarcity. False
What would Malthus suggest as a way to slow population growth? People should exercise moral restraint.
An application of the I=PAT formula would be the ecological footprint. True
Malthus believed that a natural correction to overpopulation includes all of the following except what? Innovation
Created by: poo9000