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Chapter 8

joints

TermDefinition
abduction movement away from the body
adduction movement toward the body
arthrology the branch of science that studies the structure, function, and dysfunction of joints
articulation the joint at which bones meet to form a joint
ball and socket joints joint in which the ball-shaped head of one bone fits into a cup-like socket of another
bursae small sacs filled with synovial fluid that ease friction in areas where muscles and tendons pass over bony prominence
cartilaginous joints semi-movable joints joined by cartilage
condyloid joints joint (such as occurs a the base of the fingers) in which an oval convex surface on one bone fits into a similarly shaped depression on another bone
eversion foot movement that turns sole laterally, away from the other foot
fibrous joints fixed joints bound by collagen fibers
gliding joints joint(such as occurs in the tarsal boned of the ankle) in which two bone surfaces slide over each other
hinge joint joint that allows only back-and forth movement
inversion foot movement that turns the sole medially
pivot joint joint (such as occurs between the first and second cervical vertebrae) in which a projection from one bone articulates with the ring-shaped socket of another bone, allowing the bones to pivot
pronation movement that turns the palms downward
saddle joint joint (such as occurs in the thumbs) in which the surfaces of both bones are concave in one direction and convex in other, allowing the bones to move back and forth and from side to side
supination movement that turns the palms upward
synovial joints freely movable joints that contain a fluid-filled joint capsule
Created by: lindstromjPN110