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Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular Mrs D

TermDefinition
aneurysm a weakness in a blood vessel in the brain that balloons and fills with blood
aneurysmectomy a procedure to repair or remove and aneurysm in the aorta
aneurysmorrhaphy closure by suture of the sac of an aneurysm to restore the normal lumen dimensions
angiitis an inflammation of the blood vessels that causes changed in teh blood vessel walls
angina a type of chest pain caused by reduction blood flow to the heart
angiostenosis narrowing of one or more blood vessels
antiarrhythmic drugs that are used to treat abnormal heart rhythms resulting from irregular electrical activity of the heart.
anticoagulant having the effect of retarding or inhibiting the coagulation of the blood
antihypertensive (of a drug) used to lower high blood pressure
aplastic anemia deficiency of all types of blood cells caused by failure of bone marrow development
arrhythmia a condition in which the heart beats with an irregular or abnormal rhythm.
arteriectomy Excision of part of an artery
arteriosclerosis the thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries, occurring typically in old age
arteritis inflammation of the walls of an artery
therectomy minimally invasive endovascular surgery technique for removing atherosclerosis from blood vessels within the body. It is an alternative to angioplasty for the treatment of peripheral artery disease, with no evidence of superiority to angioplasty.
atheroma degeneration of the walls of the arteries caused by accumulated fatty deposits and scar tissue, and leading to restriction of the circulation and a risk of thrombosis.
atherosclerosis a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls.
basophils a basophilic white blood cell.
bradycardia abnormally slow heart action.
cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions.
cholesterol a compound of the sterol type found in most body tissues.
defibrillation the stopping of fibrillation of the heart by administering a controlled electric shock in order to allow restoration of the normal rhythm.
diastolic The diastolic pressure is specifically the minimum arterial pressure during relaxation
dyscrasia an abnormal or disordered state of the body or of a bodily part.
echocardiography the use of ultrasound waves to investigate the action of the heart.
electrocardiogram a record or display of a person's heartbeat produced by electrocardiography.
embolism obstruction of an artery, typically by a clot of blood or an air bubble.
embolus a blood clot, air bubble, piece of fatty deposit, or other object that has been carried in the bloodstream to lodge in a vessel and cause an embolism.
endarterectomy surgical removal of part of the inner lining of an artery, together with any obstructive deposits, most often carried out on the carotid artery or on vessels supplying the legs.
endocarditis inflammation of the endocardium.
eosinophils a white blood cell containing granules that are readily stained by eosin.
erythrocytes a red blood cell that (in humans) is typically a biconcave disc without a nucleus.
fibrillation an act or process of forming fibers or fibrils.
hemangioma a benign tumor of blood vessels, often forming a red birthmark.
hemochromatosis a hereditary disorder in which iron salts are deposited in the tissues, leading to liver damage, diabetes mellitus, and bronze discoloration of the skin.
hemoglobin a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates. Its molecule comprises four subunits, each containing an iron atom bound to a heme group.
hemolytic anemia a condition in which red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream before their normal lifespan is over
hemostasis the stopping of a flow of blood.
homocysteine an amino acid that occurs in the body as an intermediate in the metabolism of methionine and cysteine.
hypoperfusion decreased blood flow through an organ cerebral
ischemia an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles.
leukemia a malignant progressive disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leukocytes
leukocytes a colorless cell that circulates in the blood and body fluids and is involved in counteracting foreign substances and disease; a white (blood) cell.
leukopenia a reduction in the number of white cells in the blood, typical of various diseases.
lymphocytes a form of small leukocyte (white blood cell) with a single round nucleus, occurring especially in the lymphatic system.
megaloblastic anemia is a condition in which the bone marrow produces unusually large, structurally abnormal, immature red blood cells (megaloblasts).
monocytes a large phagocytic white blood cell with a simple oval nucleus and clear, grayish cytoplasm.
myocardial infarction another term for heart attack.
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle.
neutrophils a neutrophilic white blood cell.
palpitation a noticeably rapid, strong, or irregular heartbeat due to agitation, exertion, or illness.
perciarditis inflammation of the pericardium.
pernicious anemia a deficiency in the production of red blood cells through a lack of vitamin B12.
phlibitis inflammation of the walls of a vein.
phlebography radiography of the veins carried out after injection of a radiopaque substance.
plaque a sticky deposit on teeth in which bacteria proliferate.
polyarteritis inflammation of the layers of an artery or of many arteries, usually caused by a severe hypersensitivity reaction, and characterized by nodules and hemorrhage along the involved vessels
Raynaud's disease causes some areas of your body — such as your fingers and toes — to feel numb and cold in response to cold temperatures or stress.
septicemia blood poisoning, especially that caused by bacteria or their toxins.
systolic The blood pressure when the heart is contracting.
tachycardia an abnormally rapid heart rate.
thrombocytes another term for platelet.
thrombocytopenia deficiency of platelets in the blood. This causes bleeding into the tissues, bruising, and slow blood clotting after injury.
thrombolytic is a treatment to dissolve dangerous clots in blood vessels, improve blood flow, and prevent damage to tissues and organs.
thrombosis local coagulation or clotting of the blood in a part of the circulatory system.
thrombus a blood clot formed in situ within the vascular system of the body and impeding blood flow.
triglycerides an ester formed from glycerol and three fatty acid groups. Triglycerides are the main constituents of natural fats and oils, and high concentrations in the blood indicate an elevated risk of stroke.
valvoplasty is a procedure that widens a heart valve that is narrowed. The cause of this narrowing in the aortic valve is aortic valve stenosis.
valvulitis inflammation of the valves of the heart.
valvuloplasty is a procedure that widens a heart valve that is narrowed. The cause of this narrowing in the aortic valve is aortic valve stenosis.
varicose veins that have become enlarged and twisted. The term commonly refers to the veins on the leg, although varicose veins can occur elsewhere. Veins have pairs of leaflet valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards (retrograde flow or venous reflux).
vasculitis inflammation of a blood vessel or blood vessels.
Created by: Roseforfrog