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Orchestra Final

10th Grade 2nd Semester

key of c sharp has __ sharps 7
key of a has __ sharps 3
key of b has __ sharps 5
key of e has __ sharps 4
key of g has __ sharps 1
key of c has __ sharps 0
key of d has __ sharps 2 (f sharp and c sharp)
key of f sharp has __ sharps 6
order of sharps (FCGDAEB) f sharp, c sharp, g sharp, d sharp, a sharp, e sharp, b sharp
order of flats (BEADGCF) b flat, e flat, a flat, d flat, g flat, c flat, f flat
dynamics how loud/soft
forte loud and strong
piano soft
tempo how fast/slow
allegro fast
lento slow
arco playing using the bow
pizzicato plucking the strings
mezzo piano moderately soft
mezzo forte moderately loud
key signature sharps or flats at the beginning of the piece that indicate the key
time signature sign after the clef and key signature that indicate the meter
adagio slow tempo
andante moderately slow, walking tempo
ritardando gradually slow down
molto very
stringendo pressing faster
piu more
meno less
mosso moving ahead
morendo dying away
poco a poco little by little
circle of fifths illustrates how many sharps or flats are in a staff
chronological order of the periods in music history Baroque, Classical, Romantic, Modern
staccato with space
spiccato bouncing bow
presto quick tempo
con sordino with mute on
divisi separate; same staff divided into two parts
crescendo gradual increase in volume
diminuendo a decrease in loudness, softer
ritardando gradually get slower
dolce sweetly and softly
sostenuto sustained
piu mosso little more motion
alle breve time signature 2 or 4 half-notes in a bar; cut time
meno mosso less motion or slower tempo
sforzando with sudden emphasis
marcato playing with emphasis
mp medium soft
ff very loud
tutti all play together
largo slow and broad
martele hammered stroke
who wrote symphony no 25? Mozart
augmented 2nd a major second raised a half step
enharmonic same note, different name
da capo (DC) go back to beginning
finale last movement
rubato slowing or speeding at performer's discretion
who is the concerto written for? soloist and orchestra
col legno with wood of bow
morendo dying away
cantabile singing style
con moto with motion
coda special section at the end of the piece, ending
ad libitum optional, performer may omit a section, make up as you go
ricochet repeated bouncing on a down bow
sul ponticello play near the bridge
concerto grosso two violins and a cello
tenuto stretch the tempo
Baroque composers Bach, Vivaldi, Corelli
accelerando speeds up tempo
cadenza showing off, end in trill
da segno (DS) go back to sign
a tempo go back to the original tempo
orchestra largest in which period? Classical
Columbus sailed during which period? Renaissance
Declaration of Independence written in which period? Classical
who wrote Canon in D? Pachelbel
"Father of the Concerto"? Corelli
which period used music to tell a story? Renaissance
syncopation off beat rhythm
trill rapid change between two notes
"simile" same way
grave very slow
detache detached
subito p suddenly soft
tie between two of the same notes
slur between two different notes
Baroque composer? JS Bach
Classical composer? Mozart
Romantic composer? Wagner
which period was bigger? Romantic was bigger then before
one flat? f
two flats? b flat major
which instrument is not in a string quartet base
allargando slow down tempo while getting louder
which period was about balance? Classical
molto crescendo very crescendo
terrace dynamics only f or p
pizzante rough and dirty with bow like a peasant
how to get relative minors (C major is what? E minor is what?) go down 3 half steps from major to get minor (A major is A minor) go up 3 from minor to get major (E minor is G major)
what is the leading tone of a scale? 7
bartok pizz plucking so hard it hits back
major scale in terms of whole and half steps? WWHWWWH
what nationality is Aaron Copeland? American
timbre way the sound sounds is different
picardy 3rd minor to major
disonance end in happy major
what used to not be? conductor
which period is emotional? Romantic
bows didn't do crescendos, needed lots of people
who has unfinished symphonies? Beethoven, 9 unfinished
who fixed the bows? Torte
mute changes what? timbre and sound (a and b)
who wrote 4 seasons? Vivaldi
Created by: studystacksat



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