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EBP Chapter 3 M1

Understanding Evidence-Based Practice

TermDefinition
Background Questions Questions focusing on basic or general knowledge about a condition and/or disorder
Boolean operators Words used to connect or exclude keywords in a search, resulting in more focused results
CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature)  The largest and most in-depth nursing and allied health database
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews One of the most popular databases in the Cochrane Library, which reviews and summarizes individual clinical trials and systematic reviews from more than 100 medical journals
Cochrane Library An electronic library designed to make available evidence needed for informed health-care decisions
Evidence Based medicine (EBM) The conscientious explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
Evidence Based nursing (EBN) The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of theory-derived, research-based information in making decisions about care delivery to individuals or groups of patients and in consideration of individual needs and preferences
Evidence Based Practice The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of theory-derived, research based information in making decisions about care delivery to individuals or groups of patients and in consideration of individual needs and preferences
Foreground Questions Questions focusing on specific knowledge to inform clinical decisions or actions
Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria Specific conditions that determine what evidence is retained and which evidence is discarded
MEDLINE The largest searchable database covering medicine, health, and biomedical research
Meta-analysis A statistical method that takes the results of many studies in a specific area and synthesizes their findings to draw conclusions regarding the state of the science in the area of focus
PICOT Four elements: Patient/population; Intervention; Comparison; Outcome; Time frame that provide structure when writing clinical questions
Research utilization The process by which knowledge generated from research becomes incorporated into clinical practice
Systematic review A rigorous and orderly process of collecting and reviewing literature to answer a specific clinical question
"P" in PICOT Population/Problem
"I" in PICOT Intervention
"C" in PICOT Comparison
"O" in PICOT Outcome
"T" in PICOT Time Frame
Practice of EBM means? The practice of EBM means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research
Created by: jessmgar