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PN 110 reproduction

reproduction and pregnancy

QuestionAnswer
male gametes sperm
female gametes ova
skin-covered sac that contains testes scrotum
place where sperm mature "learn to swim" epididymis
tube that carries sperm from epididymis to ejaculatory duct vas deferens
provides semen with sugar which provides energy for sperm seminal vesicles
gland that provides seminal fluid and encircles the urethra prostate gland
reason testes are outside the body sperm need cooler temperature
surgical removal of foreskin circumcision
surgical removal of uterus hysterectomy
surgical severing of vas deferens causing sterility vasectomy
hormone produced by testes testosterone
type of cell division that results in daughter cells that are identical to parent cell mitosis
type of cell division that results in daughter cells having 1/2 the chromosomes as the parent cell (sex cells created by this) meiosis
name for production of sperm spermatogenesis
hormone that causes secondary sex characteristics in male testosterone
hormone that causes secondary sex characteristics in female estrogen
short duct that connects vas deferens to the urethra ejaculatory duct
male gonads testes
female gonads ovaries
beginning of menstrual cycles menarche
spongy tissue in penis that fills with blood resulting in erection (penis contains two) corpus cavernosa
spongy erectile tissue in penis that surrounds the urethra corpus spongiosum
rounded top of uterus fundus
fold of tissue that covers entrance of vagina hymen
lining of uterus endometrium
muscular part of uterus myometrium
place where egg is fertilized fallopian tube
finger-like ends of fallopian tube fimbriae
a fertilized egg (when gametes unite) zygote
mass of 16 cells from zygote divisions morula
fertilized egg which implants blastocyst
layer in uterus where attachment occurs endometrium
in a 28 day cycle, ovulation occurs around day 14 (12-15 days)
bonds with maternal bloodstream and provides oxygen and nutrients to fetus placenta
2 arteries and a vein surrounded by Wharton's jelly provides route between placenta and fetus umbilical cord
function of placenta provide oxygen and nutrients and remove waste products hormones
first 8 weeks of development embryo
number of weeks of gestation 40 weeks (280 days)
thinning of cervix effacement
the process of opening of cervix dilation
stage of labor where baby is delivered 2nd
stage of labor where placenta is delivered 3rd
stage of labor where cervix thins and dilates 1st
infancy ends at ____________ months 12
sac surrounding fetus amniotic sac
tail of sperm that helps them swim flagella
pH preference of sperm alkaline
the pH of the vagina tends to be acidic
Created by: ballantynec