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Benchmark 1

Phylum Arthropod
Class Insecta
3 segments Head, Thorax, Abdomen
The anterior end of the body; it contains the brain and most of the sensory equipment as well as the mouth Head
The middle section between the head and the abdomen; it contains the legs and the wings where they attach Thorax
Posterior end of the grasshopper, it contains digestive and reproductive organs, usually covered by the wings Abdomen
Hard shell & skeleton Exoskeleton
Little dots on the segments; breathing pores; exchanges gases Spiracles
The part of wings on top; allow for flight; they sometimes serve as "protectors" for the other set of wings Forewing
The pair of wings on bottom; they allow for flight Hindwing
Ear drums on thorax; used for hearing Tympanum
Used for sensing Antennae
Big eyes behind the antennae; detects movement Compound eyes
Detects light and dark Simple Eyes/ Ocelli
Parts of the mouth Labium, labrum, mandibles, maxillae
Lower lip; holds food while chewing Labium
Upper; holds food while chewing Labrum
Crushing jaws Mandibles
Two pairs of jaws; chew & tastes food Maxillae
Tube running to the crop; transports food into the crop Esophagus
In front of the gizzard; holding spot before the gizzard Crop
On the front part of the gastrie ceca; helps grind & digest food Gizzard
Long strands at the end of the stomach; collects waste into the intestine Malpighian tubules
Tube running from the stomach to the anus; it absorbs and transports food Intestine
Parts of the leg Front & middle legs, back legs, femur, tibia, tarsus
Used for walking and climbing Front & Middle legs
Used for jumping Back legs
Thickest part of the leg Femur
Slender & spiny; connects the femur to the tarsus Tibia
Lowest part of the leg Tarsus
Created by: Wallaby