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Adaptations B1

QuestionAnswer
How have desert ANIMALS adapted to save water and keep cool? (4) Leo Tolstoy Sucks Cock. • Large surface area-lose more heat so they cool • Lose less water with concentrated urine and make very little sweat • Thin layers of body fat and thin coats to help lose heat • Sandy colour for camouflage
How have arctic animals adapted to reduce heat loss? (5) Theo Walcott Smells Guffs • Compact rounded shape to reduce surface area • Thick layer of blubber that can store energy and keep warm • Thick coats to keep heat in • Greasy fur to shed water to stop evaporation • White fur for camouflage
How have desert PLANTS adapted to having little water? (4) Shia LeBoeuf Watches Suits • Cacti have spines instead of leaves so they won't lose water vapour • Small surface area compared to size stops water loss • Water storage tissues • Cacti either have deep or extensive roots to maximise water absorption
What are three different ways plants and animals protect themselves from predators? • Armour (cacti-spines, roses-thorns, tortoises-shells) • Poisons (Bees and poison ivy) • Warning colours (Wasps)
What is an extremophile? A microorganism that has adapted to live in an extreme environment
Give three examples of where an extremophile could live? • Extreme temperature (volcanoes) • Extremely salty conditions (lakes) • Extreme pressure (on the sea bed)
Created by: GuyBrazier