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Science List 3

Types of Energy and Waves

TermDefinition
Law of Conservation of Energy the total amount of energy remains constant in an isolated (closed) system. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but can be change from one form to another.
Solar Energy The energy that gets radiated by the sun. It provides us heat and light energy free of cost.
Kinetic Energy The energy possessed as the body is in motion
Mechanical Energy The sum of kinetic energy and potential energy of a body
Potential Energy The energy possessed by an object as the object is at certain height that leads to the storage of energy due to its position
Heat or Thermal Energy The energy possessed by an object due to its temperature
Chemical Energy: The energy released in chemical reactions
Sound Energy The energy of a vibrating object
Electrical Energy The energy of moving electrons in a conductor connected with a battery
Nuclear Energy The energy released when two light nuclei fuse to form a heavy nucleus or when a heavy nucleus splits into two light nuclei
Tidal energy The moving molecule of water takes the air because of its quick movement of electrons. These moving water molecules keeps other water molecules moving.
Electromagnetic Spectrum includes a wide range of waves, some that we can and can't see. Some of the non-visible types of waves are radio waves, microwaves, infrared rays, and X-rays.
Wavelength distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point just like it.
Frequency the number of wavelengths that pass a fixed point each second; is expressed in hertz (Hz).
Amplitude a measure of the energy carried by a wave.
Crest highest point of a wave.
Trough lowest point of a wave.
Created by: MsKovalcik
 

 



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