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Chapter 51.2

Chapter 51.2 vocab

ovary a gamete-producing organ of the female reproductive system
fallopian tube a tube through which eggs move from the ovary to the uterus
uterus a hollow, muscular organ about the size of a small fist
cervix the lower entrance to the uterus
vagina a muscular tube that receives sperm from the penis, and is also the channel through which a baby passes during childbirth
vulva the external structures of the female reproductive system are collectively called this
labium folds of skin and mucous membranes that cover and protect the opening to the female reproductive system
ovum the mature egg that retains most of the cytoplasm, and provides nutrients for the egg through the early stages of development
ovarian cycle happens each month and is when the female reproductive system prepares and releases an ovum in a series of events
menstrual cycle the female reproductive cycle, characterized by a monthly change of the lining if the uterus and discharge of blood
follicular phase the stage in which an immature egg completes its first meiotic division
follicle a layer of cells that surrounds an immature egg
ovulation the release of an egg from a ruptured follicle
corpus luteum the structures that forms from the ruptured follicle in the ovary after ovulation; it releases hormones
luteal phase the menstrual stage in which the corpus luteum develops
menstruation the discharge of blood and discarded tissue from the uterus during the menstrual cycle
menopause the termination if the menstrual cycle; occurs between the ages of 45 and 55
Created by: CoffeyM20