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Law 12 - Chapter 7/9

TermDefinition
Chain of Custody The witnesses, written record of the people who maintained unbroken control over an item of evidence. (Someone who handled any evidence)
Arrest Legally depriving someone of liberty by seizing or touching the person to indicate that they are in custody.
Appearance Notice A legal document, usually issued for less serious offense, compelling an accused person to appear in court.
Bench Warrant An arrest issued directly by the judge when an accused person fails to appear in court.
Summons A legal document issued for an indictable offense, ordering an accused person to appear in court.
Reasonable Grounds Information that would lead a reasonable person to conclude that the subject had committed a criminal offence.
Provincial Court The lowest level in the hierarchy of Canadian courts.
Superior Court of Prov The highest criminal and civil court, consisting of a trial division and an appeal division.
Appeal An application to a higher court to review the decision made by the lower court
Perjury Knowingly making a false statement in court while giving evidence under oath or affirmation.
Direct Examination Testimony given by a witness to prove an alleged fact.
Circumstantial Evidence Indirect evidence that leads to a reasonable inference of the defendants guilt.
Voir-Dire A mini-trial in which jurors are excluded while the admissibility of evidence is discussed.
Charge to Jury The judge’s explanation to the jurors of how the law applies to the case before them.
Subpoena A court order requiring the witness to appear in court on a certain date to give evidence.
Hearsay Evidence Evidence given by a witness based on information received from someone else rather than personal knowledge.
Burden of Proof The crown’s obligation to prove the guilt of the accused beyond a reasonable doubt.
Arraignment The first stage of a criminal trial in which the defendant enters a plea to the charge.
Bail The temporary release of an accused who posts money or some other security.
Class Characteristics The general attributes of an object.
Chain of Custody The witnesses, written record of the people who maintained unbroken control over an item of evidence. (Someone who handled any evidence).
Impressions Patterns or marks found on surfaces and caused by various objects.
Created by: hdoylee