Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Law Making 3

Statutory Interpretation

HRMC Involved in cases against McVities and M&S
Bassett Voyeurism case
Cheeseman Case where 'passengers' had to be interpreted
Literal rule Give words their 'ordinary' meaning
Golden rule Used where a word has 2 meanings or to avoid a 'repugnant' outcome
Mischief rule Rule used in Smith v Hughes
Whiteley v Chappell Voting 'fraud' was lawful
LNER v Berriman Literal rule gave an unjust outcome to widow
Purposive Approach favoured by Lord Denning and in European law
Adler v George Golden rule used to interpret 'vicinity'
Re Sigsworth Golden rule used to avoid a repugnant outcome
Professor Zander Described the golden rule as 'a feeble parachute'
Lord Esher Said that the literal rule should be used 'even where it leads to a manifest absurdity'
Heydon's case Case from 1584 that established the mischief rule
RCN v DHSS Case where the purposive approach was used to interpret 'medical practitioner'
Interpretation Act 1978 Statute that helps with interpretation
DPP v Chivers Case where the Interpretation Act 1978 was used
Ejusdem generis Language rule that says that general words should be interpreted as being of the same kind as a preceding list
Talbot v Oxford City Magistrates' Court Case where ejusdem generis rule was used
Allen v Emmerson 'Funfair' was a 'place of public entertainment' as there was only one example in the list
Expressio unius est exclusio alterius Language rule - the inclusion of one thing excludes others
Tempest v Kilner Case using the expressio unius rule
Noscitur a sociis Language rule - a man is known by his associates
IRC v Frere Case using noscitur a sociis
Double jeopardy rule and Dobson case Example of legislation that WAS retrospective
Pepper v Hart Case that allowed Hansard's use as an extrinsic aid
Quintavalle Case concerning embryos where purposive approach was used
Laroche v Spirit of Adventure Case where 3 extrinsic aids were used to interpret 'aircraft'
Created by: Mr Lovell