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Biology EOC RC3 P3

phylogeny the study of evolutionary relationships between organisms
taxonomy study of relatedness of organisms; classifying organisms based on similarities
dichotomous key series of paired statements (yes or no questions) that helps identify species; helps to organize organisms by characteristics
phylogenetic tree or cladogram a diagram that represents the evolutionary relationships within a group of organisms
aerobic requires oxygen
anaerobic does not require oxygen
extremophiles organisms that thrive in places where most other life can not
vascular these plants have tubes which transport water and nutrients ; (xylem and phloem)
terrestrial land, or lives on land
invertebrate have no backbone or spinal column
vertebrate have a backbone and spinal column
flagella and cilia used for cell locomotion in prokaryotes and some eukaryote cells
Fungi eukaryotic organisms with cell walls composed of chitin
Protista eukaryotic organisms which can be either: uni- or multi- cellular, auto- or hetero- trophic; the "junk drawer" for kingdom classification
Eubacteria prokaryotic, unicellular organisms; cell walls composed of peptidoglycan
Archaea Bacteria prokaryotic, unicellular organisms that live in extreme environments; cell walls composed of pseudopeptidoglycan
Animalia multi-cellular, eukaryotic organisms with no cell wall; all are heterothrophic
Plantae multi-cellular, eukaryotic organisms with cell walls composed of cellulose; all are autotrophic
Created by: adamhudson25



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