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What does excess levels of vitamin D cause? hypercalcemia
Identify where fat soluble vitamins are excreted. They accumulate instead of being excreted.
What are the main antioxidants vitamins? A,C, and E.
Identify the fat soluble vitamins. A,D,E, and K.
What happens when there is a vitamin D deficiency? Bone weakness, deformities, and osteoperosis.
Which vitamin enables proper cellular functioning of the body? Vitamine B
Which vitamin is responsible for the formation of the connective tissue that is formed in the bones, teeth, and gums? vitamin C
what is the primary function of the spleen? To filter large amounts of blood cells as they reach the end of their life cycle.
What is another name for chicken pox? shingles
What disease has been totally eradicated from the united states. polio
Hepatitis B can lead to damage to what organ? the liver
What is the primary function of the thymus? produce lymphocytes
What is the primary function of the tonsils? fight off infections by filtering bacteria.
What makes up the body's major portion of fighting cells? lymphocytes
What are the main causes of cancer? environmental contaminants, radiation, and viruses.
In radiation treatment, which rays are used to treat deep lesions? gamma
Which drug stimulates WBC prodution? filgrastim
Identify the drugs which are mitotic inhibitors. etoposide, vinblastin, vincristine, and vinorelbine.
An agent that causes irritation and sloughing of the skin is known as vesicants
Identify the drugs which are nitrosoureas agents. carmustine, lomustine, and sreptozocin.
Identify diseases typically treated with alkylating agents. hodgkin's disease, retinoblastoma, lymphocytic leukemia, and inoperable cancer.
Scurvy is the result of what vitamin deficiency? vitamin c
what does vitamin K do to the blood? Formation of blood coagulation factors.
What does pyridoxine do? It functions in the motabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in the diet.
In which group is the thymus larger? children
What bacterial disease is known as the whooping cough? pertussis
Which virus can cause birth defects in unborn children or even miscarriage? rubella
Identify the vaccines which may be given together? Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus.
Which are smaller B cells or T cells? B cells.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of live vaccines? There is a risk of developing a full blown infection. Once the body builds up antibodies, the body has long lasting immunity.
Identify the antimetabolite agents. Cytarabine, mercaptopurine, and thioguanine.
What agent is used to treat the development of cancer called? antineoplastic
What is a nonmalignant neoplasm called? benign
The process of cell division that all cells perform is what? mitosis
Whaich drug stimulates RBC production? erythropoietin
Identify the antibiotics commonly used in adjunct treatment of cancer? Bleomycin, mitomycin, mixoxantrane, pentostatin, and plicamycin.
Which vitamin is used in tissue respiration and metabolism but when taken orally it can reduce LDL? vitamin B3/ nicotinic acid
ascorbic acid water
retinol fat
ergocalciferol fat
folic acid water
riboflavin water
alpha-tocopheral fat
Proper immune functioning and growth. selenium
bone formation, cell transport, and nerve and muscle functions. calcium
Ironutilization, skin pigmetation, nervous system functions. copper
Proper growth and reproduction, helps heal wounds. zinc
Hemoglobin and oxygen transport. Iron
Cellular transport; normal muscle, heart, kidney, and nervous system functions. potassium
Thiamine Beriberi
Aquired immunity immunity that has been acquired through exposure to an antigen or infectious disease.
Folic acid deficiency Megaloblastic anemia/nerve damage
Nicotinic acid Pellagra
Cyanocobalamin pernicious anemia
The lymphatic system is a primary source of immune cell production and is called the immune system.
How ofter should a tetnus booster be given to adults? every 10 years.
What vaccine in the 1950's contained a live virus and gave peopll the virus they were being immunized agaist? First polio vaccine.
toxoid a toxin that has been renderd harmless but involves an antisenic response.
Antigen "self cell" stimulates the production of antibodies.
Passive immunity Resistance that has been aquired through a transfer of antibodies from an animal to human, or an mother to child.
Antibodies proteins contained within plasma cells that neutralizes or destroys antigens called immunoglobulins.
Globulin Protein that is insoluble in water; protects against disease.
Which type of cancer are antimetabolites often used for treatments? Leukemia
What is the proper order of stages that mitosis goes into? Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telephase, cytokinesis, and interphase.
Attenuated An altered or live vaccin made from the disease organism against which the live vaccine protects.
Created by: lakers24