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Ch. 4 - Tissues

Tissues & Functions

Covering and Lining Epithelial Covers body and organ surfaces; lines internal spaces.
Glandular Epithelial Produce products and release from cell.
Connective Tissue Binds, supports, & strengthens organs.
Connective Tissue Protects and insulates organs.
Connective Tissue Main source of stored energy.
Connective Tissue Main transport system.
Connective Tissue Main site of your immune responses.
Connective Tissue Never exposed to outside air & is regenerative.
Epithelial Tissue Closely packed.
Epithelial Tissue Attached by an underlying connective tissue by an uncellular basement membrane.
Epithelial Tissue The surface opposite the basement membrane is not attached.
Epithelial Tissue This tissue is avascular but inervated.
Epithelial Tissue This tissue is highly regenerative.
Connective Tissue Consists of relatively few, loosely arranged cells.
Connective Tissue Proper "Average Joes", bind tissues and support organ structure.
Loose Connective Tissue Most common tissue; Attaches skin to underlying muscles; site for many immune reactions.
Adipose Tissue Found beneath skin and around internal organs.
Adipose Tissue Fat storage; Serves as a protective cushion for internal organs.
Fibrous Connective Tissue This tissue has a poor blood supply so it is slow in healing.
Fibrous Connective Tissue This tissue is characterized by an abundance of tighty packed collagen cells.
Fibrous Connective Tissue Tendons & Ligaments ; Deep layer of skin ; Elastic
Specialized Connective Tissues Cartilage, Bone, Blood
Cartilage Able to withstand more force then the tissues in the Connective Tissue Proper due to the collagen and elastic fibers.
Cartilage Body's cushions between bones ; absorbs force so bones are not abused.
3 types of cartilage Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Tip of nose, attaches ribs to breast bone; allows ribcage to expand while breathing.
Hyaline Cartilage "Average" - strength, elasticity, and resiliance.
Elastic Cartilage Not "average" - lots of elastic, very flexible.
Elastic Cartilage Entire outer ear.
Fibrocartilage Lots of collagen, excessively strong.
Fibrocartilage Knee cartilage, between every bone in the vertebra.
Bone Tissue Hardest and most rigid because of a solid matrix ; calcuim salts in matrix.
Blood Tissue Red blood cells, White blood cells, & Platelets.
Muscle Tissue Responsible for motion, posture, and heat generation.
Skeletal Muscle Contract & move bones (Attached to bones) ; Voluntary
Cardiac Muscle Makes heart muscle contract (Heart muscle) ; Involuntary
Smooth Muscle Controls other internal organs (stomach, bladder, uterus) ; Involuntary
Nerve Tissue Composed of 2 classes of cells ; Neurons and Neuroglia.
Created by: Jamiew0282