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Endocrine System

QuestionAnswer
What hormones enter the cell to initiate their effects? Steroid & Thyroid Hormones
Where is Growth Hormone secreted from? Anterior Pituitary gland
What is the function of Growth Hormone Stimulates the growth of bones & skeletal muscle
Where is prolactin secreted? Anterior pituitary gland
What does prolactin do? Stimulates milk production in the mammary glands
Where is adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secreted? Anterior pituitary gland
What does Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) do? Regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland
Where is thyrotropic Hormone secreted? Anterior pituitary gland
What does thyrotropic hormone do? Influences the growth and activity of the thyroid glands
Where is follicle stimulating Hormone secreted? Anterior pituitary gland
What does follicle stimulating hormone do? Stimulates follicle development in the ovaries and sperm development in the testes
where is luteinizing hormone secreted? Anterior Pituitary gland
What does luteinizing hormone do? Ovulation of egg, and causes ruptured follicle to produce progesterone
Where is oxytocin secreted? Posterior pituitary gland
What does oxytocin do? Stimulates contractions of the uterus
Where is ADH/Vasopressin secreted? Posterior pituitary gland
What does ADH/Vasopressin do? Inhibits/prevents urine production
Where is the thyroid hormone secreted? Thyroid Gland
What are the two constituents of thyroid hormone? Thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine
What does thyroid hormone do? Controls the rate at which glucose is oxidised
Where is calcitonin secreted? Thyroid gland
What does calcitonin do? Decreases blood calcium levels by depositing calcium into the bones
Where is parathyroid hormone secreted? Parathyroid gland
What does parathyroid Hormone do? Regulated calcium ion levels by negative feedback
Where are mineralocorticoids secreted? Adrenal cortex
What do mineralocorticoids do? Regulates mineral content of the blood
Where are glucocorticoids secreted? Adrenal cortex
What does glucocorticoids do? Promotes normal cell metabolism, long term stressor and they have anti-inflammatory properties
Where is epinephrine, adrenaline and norepinephrine secreted? Adrenal medulla
What does epinephrine, adrenaline and norepinephrine do? They increase heart rate, blood pressure and blood glucose levels
Where is insulin secreted from? (Incl. Cell type) Beta cells of the pancreas
What does insulin do? Turns glucose into glycogen
Where is glucagon secreted from? (Incl. Cell) Alpha cells of the pancreas
What does glucagon do? Turns glycogen into glucose
Created by: Jake_Bark