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8th grade EoY Terms

TermDefinition
DENOTATION THE DICTIONARY DEFINITION OF A WORD
CONNOTATION THE FEELING OF A WORD
FIVE TYPES OF CONFLICTS PERSON VS PERSON PERSON VS SELF PERSON VS TECHNOLOGY PERSON VS SOCIETY PERSON VS SUPERNATURAL PERSON VS NATURE
PROPAGANDA information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
BANDWAGON THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF PROPAGANDA
HOME THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF POSITIVE CONNOTATION
SHACK THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF NEGATIVE CONNOTATION
HOUSE THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF NEUTRAL
TAXING physically or mentally demanding.
CHALLENGING testing one's abilities
DEMANDING requiring much skill or effort.
PERPLEXING completely baffling; very puzzling.
DECLINE a gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, quality, or value
DECAY the state or process of rotting or decomposition
DEMISE termination of existence or operation:
PLUMMET to plunge
AMBITIOUS an earnest desire for achievement
PRETENTIOUS making an exaggerated outward show;
RUTHLESS making an exaggerated outward show;
GRANDIOSE grand in an imposing or impressive way.
COMPARE TO TELL HOW THINGS ARE ALIKE
CONTRAST TO TELL HOW THINGS ARE DIFFERENT
MOOD THE FEELING OF THE STORY
ANALOGIES similarity or comparability
ALLITERATION THE REPETITION OF BEGINNING CONSONANTS IN A LINE
ONOMATOPOEIA WORDS THAT IMITATE THE WORDS THEY REPRESENT
REPETITION A WORD OR PHRASE IS USED OVER AGAIN FOR EMPHASIS
HYPERBOLE EXTREME EXAGGERATION
PERSONIFICATION GIVING HUMAN QUALITIES TO NONHUMAN THINGS
SIMILE COMPARING TWO THINGS USING LIKE OR AS
IRONY WHEN SOMETHING HAPPENS THAT YOU WOULD NOT EXPECT TO HAPPEN
PUN a play on words.
SUSPENSE the degree of uncertainty the author creates that causes the reader to wonder “what will happen next?”
HUMOR PERCEIVE AND EXPRESS THE SENSE OF BEING CLEVER OR AMUSING
DIALOGUE conversation between two or more persons
SETTING WHERE AND WHEN A STORY TAKES PLACE
THEME THE MESSAGE OR LESSON OF THE STORY
PERSPECTIVE a particular attitude toward or way of regarding something; a point of view
ROUND CHARACTER A CHARACTER WITH MANY TRAITS
FLAT CHARACTER A CHARACTER WITH ONLY ONE TRAIT
IRRELEVANT NOT IMPORTANT
CLAIM a statement that asserts something to be true.
COUNTER CLAIM a claim made to rebut a previous claim
MEDIUM means of doing something
FACT SOMETHING THAT CAN BE PROVEN
TEXT STRUCTURE how the information within a written text is organized.
OBJECTIVE SUMMARY summary not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; based on facts; unbiased:
SUBJECTIVE SUMMARY summary based on one's own moods, attitudes, opinions, etc.;
5 PARTS OF THE PLOT Exposition rising action climax falling action resolution
CONFLICT THE PROBLEM IN A STORY
EXPOSITORY intended to explain or describe something
ARGUMENTATIVE a writing piece meant to persuade someone
NARRATIVE is a story that you write or tell to someone, usually in great detail.
ALLUSIONS INDIRECT REFERENCE TO A LITERARY WORK
MOTIVE a reason for doing something
BIAS FAVORING SOMEONE OR SOMETHING
UNBIASED NOT FAVORING SOMEONE OR SOMETHING
MYTH A LEGEND BASED ON HISTORIC EVENTS AND PERTAINING TO THE ACTIONS OF THE GODS
CAUSE WHY SOMETHING HAPPENED
EFFECT THE RESULT OF WHAT HAPPENED
CHRONOLOGICAL IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THINGS HAPPENED
SPATIAL RELATING TO SPACE OR AREA
DRAMATIC IRONY THE READER OR AUDIENCE KNOWS SOMETHING THE CHARACTER DOES NOT
SITUATIONAL IRONY WHEN SOMETHING HAPPENS THAT YOU WOULD NOT EXPECT TO HAPPEN
VERBAL IRONY SAYING THE OPPOSITE OF WHAT YOU REALLY MEAN (SARCASM)
Created by: bnewton