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Sensory Receptors

TermDefinition
brain The organ that serves as the primary control center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
chemical input A chemical that enters the body.
electromagnetic Relating to interactions among electrically charged particles and electromagnetic fields.
electromagnetic input Signals that enter the body in the form of electromagnetic stimuli.
mechanical input Signals that enter the body through physical touch or vibration.
nerve cell A cell specialized for transmitting fast electrochemical signals.
sensory receptor A nerve ending that sends signals to the central nervous system when it is stimulated.
stimulus Any change or signal in the environment that can make an organism react.
mechanoreceptor Sensory receptors located in skin, skeletal muscles, and inner ears that respond to touch, pressure, stretching of muscle, sound, and motion.
proprioception The ability to sense the position, location, and orientation of the body.
chemoreceptor Special cells within a sense organ (especially the nose and tastebuds) that are sensitive to particular chemicals, giving you the sensations of smell and taste.
olfactory sensation Sense of smell
gustatory sensation Sense of taste
thermoreceptor Special cells located in your skin, part of your brain and body core that are sensitive to temperature.
photoreceptor The light-sensitive cells in the retina- the rods and cones.
Created by: MrsSchiemann