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PN 110 Respiratory

ringed tube that carries air into the lungs trachea
houses the vocal chords larynx
the top segment of the pharynx nasopharynx
the middle segment of the pharynx oropharyx
the bottom segment of the pharynx laryngopharynx
this flap folds over the larynx to protect the airway during a swallow epiglottis
these tiny, elastic air sacs are where gas is exchanged in the lungs alveoli
this lung has three lobes right lung
this lung has two lobes left lung (room for heart)
the opening between the vocal cords glottis
the tough bands that lengthen and shorten to provide speech vocal cords
this type of membrane lines the nasal passages, and traps particles before they enter the lungs mucous membranes
these little hair-like projections help push particles up and out of the lungs cilia
A passive movement of a molecule from a high concentration to a low concentration diffusion
this part of the brain controls breathing medulla and pons
the large tubes that branch off the trachea and go to either lung bronchi (left and right bronchus)
tiny air passages between the bronchi and alveoli bronchioles (found near the end)
covers the lung itself visceral pleura
lines the thoracic cavity parietal pleura
these shelf-like projections found in the nasal cavity conchae
the amount of air taken in during quiet breathing tidal volume
when air enters the chest cavity causing lung collapse pneumothorax
absence of breathing apnea
difficulty breathing (short of breath) dyspnea
normal respiratory rate (adult, resting) _________________ to_______________/min 12-20 breaths/min
term for fast breathing (faster than normal) tachycardia
top of the lung by the clavicle apex of the lung
muscle below the base of the lungs that contracts to promote a breath in diaphragm
another name for nostrils nares
space between visceral and parietal pleura pleural space
Created by: ballantynec



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