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FCAT Week 3

TermDefinition
Rock Cycle the series of processes in which rocks forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geological processes.
Sedimentary Rock a rock that forms from compressed or cemented layers of sediment.
Metamorphic Rock a rock that forms from other rocks as a result of intense heat, pressure, or chemical processes.
Igneous Rock a rock that form when magma cools and solidifies.
Magma the molten or partially molten rock material containing trapped gases produced under the Earth's surface.
Water Cycle the continuous movement of water between the atmosphere, the land, the ocean, and living things.
Radiation the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves.
Convection the movement of matter due to differences in density that are caused by temperature variations; can result in the transfer of energy as heat.
Conduction the transfer of energy such as heat through a material.
Crust the rigid, rocky outer surface of the Earth, composed of mostly basalt and granite.
Inner Core the solid iron-nickel center of the Earth that is very hot and under a large amount of pressure.
Mantel a rocky layer located under the crust- it is composed of silicon, oxygen, magnesium, iron, aluminum, and calcium . convection (heat) currents carry heat from the hot inner mantle to the cooler outer mantle.
Outer Core the molten iron-nickel layer that surrounds the inner core.
Glaciers a large mass of ice that exists year round and moves over land.
Mountains an area of significantly increased elevation on earth's surface, usually rising to a summit
Volcanoes a vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and gasses are expelled.
Created by: MsKovalcik