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Bio

TermDefinition
Autoimmune disorders the immune system accidentally attacks and destroys healthy body tissue
Biotechnology applying technology to study or manipulate living things
Chemical bases Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymine. The genes that form together to make your DNA.
Cloning Generate a population of genetically identical molecules, cells, plants or animals
Diamond vs. Chakrabarty USSC case dealing with weather genetically modified organisms can be pantent
DNA ( deoxyribonucleic acid) genes of most living things
DNA fingerprinting A test to identify and evaluate the genetic information of a persons cells
Fermentatioon anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast
Genes region of DNA that controls a hereditary charcteristics
Genetics branch of biology that deals with heredity, mainly the mechanisms of heredity transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms
Genetic engineering to change DNA of living organisms
Gene therapy technique for correcting defective genes responsible for disease development
Human genome map finished sequence of human genome
Human genome project international scientific research project with a primary goal to determine the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA and identify and map the approximate 20,000- 25,000 genes of the human genome from both physical and functional stand point.
Immunology study of protection from foreign macromolecules or invading organisms and our body's responses to them.
Interferon naturally occurring substance that interferes with the ability of viruses to reproduce
Molecular biology study of biology at a molecular level, concerns itself with understanding the interactions between the various systems of a cell
Nucleotide monomer structural unit of nucleotide chains that form the nucleic acids RNA and DNA
Proteins a group of complex organic macromolecules that are composed of one or more chains of amino acids.
Recombinant DNA combining of two pieces of DNA from different sources
RNA (ribonucleic acid) One of the two main types of nucleic acid that consists of strands of repeating nucleotides joined in chainlike fashion, but the strands are single (except in certain viruses), and it has the nucleotide uracil (U)where DNA has thymine (T).
Somatic cell nuclear transfer therapeutic cloning involves removing the nucleus of an unfertilized egg cell, replacing it with the material from the nucleus of a "somatic cell" , and stimulating this cell to begin dividing.
Stem cells class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell types
Thalidomide introduced as a sedative drug in the late 1950s, then banned in the early 1960s after it was found to cause deformed limbs in the children of women who took it early in pregnancy.
Transgenic organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.
Xenotransplantation transplantation of livings cells, tissues, or organs form one species to another
Created by: fc46654
 

 



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