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QuestionAnswer
MATTER Everything that has mass and takes up space
ELEMENT The ingredients that make up all other substances.  Can't be broken down into other substances
METALS Good conductors of electricity and heat.  Can bend without breaking.  Most have a gray color
NONMETALS Do not conduct heat / electricity very well.  May be a gas or a solid
SEMI‐METALS sometimes like metals and sometimes like nonmetals
ATOM the smallest part of an element that still acts like that element
ATOMIC THEORY states that everything is made of atoms
COMPOUND a type of matter made of two or more elements
MOLECULE  smallest particle of a compound that still acts like that compound
PROTON  Positive charge. Found in the nucleus
NEUTRON        No charge. Found in the nucleus
ELECTRON Negative charge. Orbits the nucleus
SOLID  Has a definite volume or shape. Particles are very close together, and  don’t move past each other.  Keeps its shape. 
LIQUID  Has a definite volume but not shape. Particles can move past each  other. Takes shape of container 
GAS  No definite volume or shape. Particles spread out evenly and take  shape of container. Can be squeezed into a smaller volume 
PLASMA  Like a gas, but conducts electricity like a metal.  Occurs with high  temps or electric charge. 
MELTING POINT       Solid to liquid or liquid to solid.  Same temperature as freezing point.
EVAPORATION When liquids become a gas
CONDENSATION  When gas becomes a liquid.  Gas particles touch a cold surface and  the temperature drops. 
BOILING POINT  The temperature at which evaporation occurs
MIXTURE         Two or substances that mix together but each keeps its own identity
SOLUTION  A mixture where substance spreads out evenly and will not settle
SOLUTE  The substance being dissolved
SOLVENT  What the substance is dissolved in
SOLUBILITY  A way to measure how much a material dissolves into another 
Created by: Brooklyn-Ferraro