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Adaptations

Adaptations of Species

QuestionAnswer
Physiology The study of internal and external functions of living systems.
Trait A characteristic of an organisms; can be genetic or acquired.
Population A group of interacting individuals of the same species located in the same area.
Adaptation A process by which a population becomes better suited to its environment by increasing the frequencies of alleles that provide benefits to survival and reproduction.
Variation The occurrence of an organism, trait, or gene in more than one form.
Generation Organisms of the same species that are at the same level of descent from a common ancestor; a parent is a member of one generation, and its offspring are members of the next generation.
Natural Selection A process by which organisms with favorable traits produce more successful offspring than organisms with less favorable traits. causing the favorable traits to become more common in the population.
Migration Movement to a different geographical region where conditions are more favorable.
Hibernation A slowed physiological state of an organism to survive long periods of cold temperature or reduced food supplies.
Selective Breeding A form of artificial selection whereby deliberate breeding results in desired traits in plants and animals.
Xylem The tissue in plants that conducts water upward from the root to the rest of the plant & also provides support
Taxonomy The branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure, function, and relationships
Dichotomous Key Tool used to sort organisms by paired similarities or differences based on a series of questions
Species A group of organisms with similar characteristics that are able to interbreed or exchange genetic material
Created by: lmsscience