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Digestive System

Vocabulary - matching

appendix small organ located in lower section of abdomen - no known function
anus opening where solid wastes leave the body
esophagus long, straight tube that leads to the stomach
gall bladder bile is stored in this small, saclike organ. Bile from there goes to small intestine.
large intestine stores, compacts, and eliminates indigestible material from body. Also absorbs excess water.
liver large, reddish-brown organ - makes bile, stores nutrients, breaks down toxins
mouth place where food goes in - digestion begins
pancreas lies behind stomach; makes enzymes that regulate sugar levels
pharynx back of throat - leads to esophagus
rectum stores solid wastes before they are expelled
salivary glands makes saliva that contains enzyme that begins chemical digestion
small intestine where most of breakdown of food happens and where most nutrients from food are absorbed.
spleen located at end of stomach - chiefly responsible for formation of mature lymphocytes
stomach at end of esophagus - breaks down food into a liquid by the actions of muscles, enzymes and acids
tongue pushes food into the throat
Created by: msparks



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