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Energy Vocabulary

vocabulary for energy unit

Thermal Energy The energy that comes from heat, generated by the movement of tiny particles.
Mechanical Energy Kinetic or potential energy associated with the motion or position of an object.
Electrical Energy Energy carried by an electrical current
Electromagnetic Energy the energy of light and other forms of radiation
Electromagnetic Waves A wave of vibrating electric and magnetic fields
Equilibrium state of balance between opposing forces or actions so one is not stronger than another.
Conduction transfer of heat from a warmer substance to a cooler substance through direct contact.
Convection movement in a gas or liquid in which the warmer parts move up and the colder parts move down.
Radiation energy that comes from a source in the form of waves or rays you cannot see.
Thermal Expansion the tendency for something to get larger when heat is added to it.
Thermal Contraction the tendency for something to get smaller when heat is taken away. 
Conductor a substance that conducts heat readily.
Insulator a substance that does not transfer heat very well.
Thermal Equilibrium the point at which two objects that are touching reach the same temperature.
Thermal Energy Transfer thermal energy is transferred through a material by the collision of atoms within the material.
Mechanical Energy Transfer when objects push or pull on each other.
Electromagnetic Waves can transmit energy though matter or empty space.
Electrical Energy Transfer when an electrical source is connected in a complete circuit to an electrical device.
Energy the ability to do work
Kinetic Energy the energy of motion
temperature the measure of how hot or cold something is
heat the transfer of thermal energy between objects that are different temperatures (the flow of energy from one material to another.)
Created by: smancinelli48