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Med Term

Chapter 11

The substance coughed up from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea that is expelled through the mouth is known as sputum
A productive cough is one that is effective in bringing up sputum
The medical term for nosebleed is epistaxis
The act of spitting out saliva or coughing up materials from the air passageways leading to the lungs is called expectoration
Expectoration of blood arising from the oral cavity, larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs is known as hemoptysis
A thin, watery discharge from the nose is known as rhinitis
An abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the chest that is a cracking sound similar to that of moisture crackling in a tube as air passes through it is known as rales
A harsh noise during respiration, particularly inhalation, that is high-pitched and resembles the blowing of wind (due to obstruction of air passage) is known as stridor
A whistling sound resembling from narrowing of the lumen of a respiratory passageway, heard without the aid of a stethoscope, usually during exhalation, is known as bruits
Difficultly in speaking, or hoarseness is known as dysphonia
Temporary cessation of breathing is termed apnea
An abnormal condition in which a person needs to sit up straight or stand up to breathe comfortably is known as orthopnea
Abnormally rapid breathing is known as trachypnea
Abnormally slow breathing is known as bradypnea
A very deep gasping type of respiration associated with serve diabetic acidosis is known as Kussmaul's respiration
Inflammation of the respiratory mucous membranes known as the common cold is coryza
A childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, suffocative and difficult breathing, stridor, and laryngeal spasm is croup
Pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity (pyothorax), that is usually the result of a primary infection in the lungs is known as empyema
A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity is the result of a perforation through the chest wall or pleura covering the lung (visceral pleura) is known as pneumothorax
The use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for laboratory analysis, or to remove exceww pleural fluid or air from the pleural space is known as thoracentesis
Examination of the interior if the bronchi using a lighted, flexible endoscope. bronchoscopy
Use of the fingertips to tap the body lightly but sharply to determine position, size, and consistency of an underlying structure and the presence of fluid or pus in a cavity percussion
Process of examining by application for sounds within the body palpation
Process of listening with a stethoscope for sounds within the body auscultation
visual examination of the external surface of the body as well as of its movements and posture inspection
Brown Lung Disease byssinosis
A lung disease resulting from inhalation of silica (quartz) dust silicosis
Inflammation of both the visceral and parietal pleura pleurisy
A lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles asbestosis
Black Lung Disease anthracosis
The upper portion of the lung, rising just above the collarbone, is known as the apex
The lower portion of the lungs that rests on the diaphragm is known as the base
Another name for the larynx is the voice box
Another name for the trachea is the wind pipe
The part of the pharynx located above the soft palate in the postnasal space is known as the nasopharynx
Created by: Capty103