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MAP Review

8th grade review over 7th grade concepts

Variable of the experiment that you decide to test/change. Independent Variable
All the variables that could affect the outcome of an experiment and are kept the same. Constants
The outcome of the experiment that is affected by the variable being tested. Dependent Variable
A statement that based on prior knowledge is giving a description of the results that are expected to occur. Hypothesis
What is an experimenter trying to eliminate the effect of when conducting multiple trials? Outliers
In a conclusion which type of data should be mentioned? Average Data
Which axis on a graph should the IV be placed? X-axis
Which axis on a graph should the DV be placed? Y-axis
Name this law: Energy can not be created or destroyed but can change from one form to another. Law of Conservation of Energy
Total kinetic energy of a substance Thermal Energy
Average kinetic energy of a substance Temperature
Transfer of two stationary systems through direct contact due to differences in temperature is called? Conduction
Transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. Radiation
Transfer of heat through the movement of a liquid or gas where the warm air rises and cool air sinks Convection
Distance traveled divided by time is used to calculate ____________. Speed
Speed of an object in a particular direction is called ____________. Velocity
Speeding up, slowing down and changing direction are all examples of _________________. Acceleration
As mass increases, gravitational force _________________. increases
As mass decreases, gravitational force ________________. decreases
As distance increases, gravitational force ________________. decreases
As distance decreases, gravitational force __________________. increases
What type of force causes a change in motion? Unbalanced forces
What type of force will not cause a change in motion? Balanced forces
The Law of Electric Charges states that like charges _____________ and opposite charges _____________. repel attract
If an object gains electrons it will become _______________ charged. Negatively
If an object loses electrons it will become _______________ charged. Positively
In a parallel circuit, if one load fails the other loads will work
In a series circuit, if one load fails the other loads will fail
Which layer of the atmosphere is where weather occurs? Troposphere
Which layer contains the ozone layer? Stratosphere
Name the heat transfer: Sun heats Earth through this process and 50% is absorbed by Earth's crust. Radiation
Name the heat transfer: Earth's crust heats the air molecules directly above through direct contact. Conduction
Name the heat transfer: The air molecules circulate through the atmosphere by the warm air rising and the cool air sinking. Convection
Name the Front: Warm air mass displaces a cold air mass. Warm Front
Name that Front: Cold and Warm air masses meet but neither one is strong enough to take over. Stationary Front
Name that Front: Warm air mass meets becomes surrounded by two cold air masses. Occluded Front
Name that Front: Cold air mass displaces a warm air mass. Cold Front
Name that Air Mass: Wet, Cold Maritime Polar
Name that Air Mass: Wet, Warm Maritime Tropical
Name that Air Mass: Dry, Cold Continental Polar
Name that Air Mass: Dry, Warm Continental Tropical
What causes seasons on Earth? Tilt of Axis
One body traveling around another body is called? Revolution
One body spinning on its axis is called? Rotation
Gas Giant with rings Saturn
Gas Giant with the Red Spot? Jupiter
Only planet able to sustain life in our solar system? Earth
Number of stars in our solar system One
Nearest neighboring star outside our solar system. Proxima Centauri
Created by: scotttrudy