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Ch 42 study guide

study guide ch. 42

QuestionAnswer
Herpies simplex type 1 Most common; I t causes cold sores, often referred to fever blisters and usually associated with febrile conditions. Generally self limiting, that it clears up by itself, requires no treatment.
Herpes Symplex type 2 Causes lesions in the genital area. Known as genital herpes. Type two is also a member of the herpesvirus family as it is in the type one and is discussed with sexually transmitted infections there is no cure just drugs to help with the symptoms
Herpes Zoster (shingles) and chicken pox( Varicella)-are caused from the same virus; varicella-zoster (sometimes called human herpes virus type 3). a person with shingles will have a history of chicken pox infection
Acyclovir (zovirax) Anti viral side effects- Topical: burning, rash, pruritus, stinging systemic- headache, seizures, renal toxicity, phlebitis reactions
Impetigo Contagiosa Honey color crust- caused by streptococci, or mixed bacterial invasion or the skin. Highly contagious. inflammatory disorder in all ages but mostly in small children due to touching everything and not washing hands.
Tinea Capitis ring worm of the scalp. microsporum aidouinisis the major fungal pathogen. Spread through infected articles.
Tinea Corporis ringworm of the body. It occurs in the body areas with little or no hair.
Tinea cruris Jock itch- in the growing area.
Tinea Pedis Athletes feet and contracted in public restrooms and swimming pools
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Autoimmune disease- butterfly rash occurs over the nose and cheek area. 10%to 50% of the area is covered with patients that have this.
Basal cell Carcinoma Skin cancer-from frequent contact with certain chemicals, over exposure to sun, and radiation treatment.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma arises in the epidermis. the ,the cancerous neoplasm is a lesion topped with crust or a central area ulceration and indurated margins
Malignant Melanoma Cancerous neoplasm in which pigment cells (melanocytes) invade the epidermis, dermis, and sometimes the subcutaneous tissues.
burns No of cause of deaths from burn injury is approximately 3400 annually. Result from thermal and non thermal causes. Thermal is fire, scalds, thermal energy (heat) Superficial (first degree), Partial thickness( second degree), Full thickness (third degree)
Created by: Evzride