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DEMENTIA

Abbreviations & Terms

TermDefinition
Functions of the Endocrine System 1. Maintain homeostasis 2. Change nutrient levels 3. Respond to environment 4. Direct growth & development
Endocrine System functions by 1. Sending signals to organs 2. Receiving signals from organs 3. Changes behavior based on signals *Signals are sent via the bloodstream
HYPOTHALAMUS - Thyroptin Releasing Hormone -> Anterior Pituitary Gland Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Organ: Thyroid Gland
HYPOTHALAMUS - Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone -> Anterior Pituitary Gland TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone Organs: Gonads (Ovaries & Testes)
HYPOTHALAMUS - Corticotropin Releasing Hormone -> Anterior Pituitary Gland Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Organ: Adrenal Cortex
HYPOTHALAMUS - GH Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone -> Anterior Pituitary Gland GH Growth Hormone Organs: Liver, Muscle, Fat, Bone
PITUITARY GLAND Secretes hormones into the bloodstream to act on other organs
PITUITARY GLAND Thyroid Stimulating Hormones T3 & T4 TSH secretes T3 & T4 (detects hyper/hypothyroidism) Metabolic
PITUITARY GLAND LH & FSH LH Luteinizing Hormone FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone *Stimulates Gonads
HYPOTHALAMUS Main function of Pituitary activity
THYROID Keeps critical balances of NA+ and CA+
ADRENAL GLAND "On the Kidney"
PANCREAS Glucagon & Insulin
ENDOCRINE GLANDS (9) PINEAL, HYPOTHALAMUS, PITUITARY, THYROID, PARATHYROID, THYMUS, ADRENAL, PANCREAS & GONADS
ADRENAL GLAND - CORTEX CORITICOSTEROIDS Maintains Mineral Balance: Mineral Corticoids Increase Blood sugar - stress & repair: Glucortocoids Testosterone & Estrogen: (Beard, voice, breast development)
ADRENAL GLAND - MEDULLA EPINEPHRINE (Adrenaline) Flight or Fight - Increases metabolic rate & organ activity to deal with immediate stress/fear
PANCREAS Function INSULIN - Decreases Blood Sugar GLUCAGON - Increases Blood Sugar
T3 - TRIIODOTHYROINE HYPO (Under secretion) of; Low metabolic rate weight gain, tiredness
T4 - THYROXINE HYPER (Over secretion) of; Increase in metabolic rate, weight loss, nervousness
CALCITONIN Secreted with high levels of calcium in blood. Causes bone to store excess of CA+ in bones.
TSH THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE Secretes T3 & T4 (Metabolic)
LH Luteinizing Hormone
EXOCRINE Related to Digestion
ENDOCRINE To maintain normal blood sugar levels
GLUCAGON Pancreas; Stimulates Liver, Released when sugar is low
INSULIN Pancreas; Released when sugar is high
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic Hormone - Adrenal Cortex
MELATONIN Increases when it is dark outside
GH Growth Hormone - Liver & Blood Signals tissues & muscle & bone to grow
BS Blood Sugar
CGM Continuous Glucose Monitor
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test
HgA1C Hemoglobin A1C test; history of BS levels
TFT Thyroid Function Test
ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
DI Diabetes Insipidus
DM Diabetes Mellitus
IDDM Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
NIDDM Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
CSII Constant Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (Used with CGM - Constant Glucose Monitor)
HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy
PRL Prolactin - Mammary
ADEN/O Gland
ADREN/O, ADRENAL/O Adrenal Gland
CORTIC/O Outer Surface
CRIN/O Secrete
EMIA Blood Condition
URIA Urine Condition
GLUC/O, GLUCOS/O, GLYC/O Sugar
GONAD/O Gonads (Ovaries & Testes)
HORMON/O Hormone
HYPOPHYS/O Pituitary Gland
KET/O Ketone Body
PANCREAT/O Pancreas
PITUITAR/O Pituitary
THYM/O Thymus
THYR/O, THYROID/O Thyroid
TROPIN "To Turn" - Stimulating effect on the target organ
EXOPTHALMOS Possible condition of the protrusion of eyes from socket when Thyroid malfunctions
ADRENAL VIRILISM Development of male secondary sexual characteristics caused by excessive secretion of the adrenal gland
Created by: MCasler