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Chapter 43

Rheumatoid arthritis Most serious form of arthritis. Leads to severe crippling charaterized by chronic inflammation of the synovial membrane of the diarthodial joint
Osteoarthritis Nonsystemic, noninflammatory disorder that causes bones and joints to degenerate, most commonly affects the joints of the hands, knee, hip,and cervical and lumbar vertebrae
What are the Sx of osteoarthritis? Pain and stiffness in the joints usually in the morning
Osteoporosis Results in a loss of bone density. Can interfere with the mechanical support function of the bone
Who is at risk for osteoporosis? Women 55-65 years old, smalled frammed, white, European, asian women who smoke and/or drink
Compartment syndrome May resutl from a tight cast or dressing because the swelling can't move outward it can only move inward. Arterial vessel compression and reduces blood supply to an extremity.
Fat Embolism Pulmonary fat embolism involves the embolization of fat tissue withing the pulmonary capillaries They are rare Can be life threatening as fat occludes the pulmomary the pulmonary artery This leads to brain hypoxia and tissue death
Gas Gangrene Severe infection of the skeletal muscle caused by gram postive clostridial bacteria particularly clostridium perfringes which may occur in the prescense of open fractures and lacerated wounds.
Shock Shock can occur as a result of blood loss from a fractured bone or from severed blood vessels most common in open fractures Pain and fear can cause shock
Thromboembolus Condition in which the blood vessels are occluded by an embolus carried in the blood stream from site of formation of the clot
What are External fixation devices? They are used to hold bone fragments in normal position. Casts, skeletal and skin traction, braces and metal pins are also examples.
Who is at risk for getting Compartment Syndrome? People who have broken bones and who are wearing casts, or have a really tight dressing
Who is at risk for developing a fat embolism? Anyone who has had surgery on their legs are at risk for these.
Created by: QueenHayate
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