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Magee Science Vocab

All of the vocabulary terms for the 5th grade year

Absorb To take in something in a natural or gradual way
Accurate Correct; true
Adaptation An inherited trait or learned behaviour that helps an organism survive in its surroundings
Alternative energy resource Energy generated by natural processes that is renewable
Analyze Look at closely or carefully
Aquarium A plastic or glass container filled with water, fish, and other aquatic animals
Axis A line, real or imaginary, around which something spins
Beach erosion The removal of beach materials into the sea or lakes by the actions of waves, tides or wind
Beaker Cylinder shaped glass container used to mix or heat liquids
Boiling point The temperature at which a substance changes states from a liquid to a gas (the boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius)
Bio-fuel Fuels made from plants and plant or animal waster
Bubble Gas or air in a liquid
Calculator A device that performs math problems with numbers entered by hand
Camoflauge Characteristics that blend in with the surrounding environment that increases chances of survival
Canyon A deep gorge in the surface of the Earth. A canyon is formed by the erosion of moving water and sand
Carbon cycle The movement of carbon on Earth by the processes of respiration and phtosynthesis
Carbon dioxide A gas produced by animals during respiration that plants use to make food, water and oxygen
Career Occupation that requires special skills or training
Carnivore Animal that gets its energy by eating only other animals
Carrying capacity The population size an environment can feed and support
Celsius A temperature scale that sets the freezing point of water at 0 degrees and the boiling point at 100 degrees
Change To become or make different
Chart A picture that uses symbols to represent data
Chemist A person who uses scientific methods to study matter
Wind energy Energy that comes from changing the power of moving ait into a useful form
Climate Average weather conditions of a region year after year
Compass Instrument that uses a small magnet to show which direction is North (N)
Conclusion An explanation based on your observation or measurement
Condensation Physical change in matter from a gas to a liquid
Conductor Material that allows electric current or heat energy to flow through easily
Conservation The wise use and protection of natural resources
Constant Not changing; the same
Consumer An organism that gets energy from eating other organisms
Craters Bowl shaped incidents or cavities on the surface of a planet, moon or asteroid that are caused by a collision with another object, such as a meteorite
Critical thinking Looking very closely at all parts before drawing a conclusion
Critique Identify the problems and successes with an investigation and suggest solutions for improvement
Data Information that can be collected during an experiment
Data Pieces of information
Nymph The stage of Incomplete Metamorphosis during which an insect eats and grows, and resembles a smaller version of the adult
Ocean One of 5 large bodies of salt water that cover 75% of the earth
Offspring New organisms that come from parents that have reproduced
Oil A flammable liquid produced from organic matter (remains of marine organism) buried under the layers of sediments for millions of years
Omnivore Animal that gets its energy by both plants and other animals
Orbit The path one object takes as it revolves around another object in space
Organic matter The waste and remains of plants and animals
Organism A living thing
Oxygen A gas produced by plants during photosynthesis that animals use for respiration
Pan balance A two-sided instrument that measures the mass of a solid substance
Phenomenon Something that happens or is sensed
Physical change Make different without changing what the material is made of, such as: cutting, folding, melting
Laboratory apron A garment that protects clothing from chemical or biological splatters and spills
Landfill A location for the disposal of waste
Landform Features on the surface of the Earth such as mountains, hills, dunes, oceans and rivers
Laser A device that gives off a very strong and directed beam of light
Learned behaiviour A behavior that develops from observation or instruction rather than being passed down by heredity
Lens A clear piece of curved glass or plastic that bends passing light to focus or spread the light rays
Life cycle The stages of an organisms life from birth to death
Light energy Radiant energy that our eyes can see from the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum
Light spectrum The small part of the electromagnetic spectrum that the human eye can see; violet, blue, cyan, green, yellow, orange and red
Limitation When a model cannot be an exact representation of the object's size or detail
Living element Part of an ecosystem that requires energy to survive has basic needs that must be met
Species A group of organisms with similar characteristics that allow them to reproduce
Spring scale An instrument that measures Earth's gravitational pull on an object
Stages Specific times during life or growth
Sun The star at the center of our Solar System that supplies heat and light to Earth; its gravity keeps the solar system in orbit
Sundial Instrument that measures the time of day by using the position of the Sun
Surface The outermost covering or layer
Survive Stay alive or stay with
System Organized parts that form a unified whole
Table Data represented in rows and columns
Telescope An instrument that uses mirrors and/or lenses to gather and focus light from objects far away
Temperature How hot or cold something is
Thermal energy Energy that causes a change in temperature between materials
Thermometer A tool that measures temperature
Time line List of important events and the date that they happened
Tool An object that helps you do work
Ecosystem A community of living and non-living things in their natural environment
Electric current The flow of electricity through a circuit
Electrical circuit The pathway through which electrical current flows
Electrical energy Energy produced by the movement of electrons
Electromagnetism Magnetism created by an electric current; examples are MRI and electric motor
Elodea An aquatic plant
Emergency An event that needs immediate action or assistance
Energy What is needed to do work or cause change
Energy efficient Use less energy to produce results
Environment The living an nonliving things around an organism
Erosion The movement of weathered material on the Earth's surface by wind, water or ice
Evaluate To compare the actual outcome of the experiment (results) with your predicted outcome (Hypothesis)
Day The time during rotation when the Earth faces the Sun and it is lighted; this rotation gives the false appearance that the sun travels from east to west across the sky
Decay To rot and break down into smaller parts
Decomposer An organism that gets energy from eating dead organisms, non living materials or waste
Delta A triangle shaped (deposit) land form at the mouth of a river as it empties into a body of water
Deposition The buildup of land by depositing sediment and soil in a new location
Direct evidence Evidence that comes from your measurements, tests or observations
Direction The line or course along which an object is moving
Discovery Something new that is learned
Disposal Getting rid of; throwing away
Dissolve To become absorbed in a liquid, mixed evenly
Earth A planet in the Solar System that has life on it
Earthquake A sudden release of energy under the Earth's surface that makes the ground shake or crack
Trait A characteristic of an organism
Trend To pass through a substance or object without being absorbed
Trial A repeat of an observation or test
Triple beam balance A tool used to measure mass that features three beams with sliding masses
Typical Usual/average
Variable A factor that can change in an experiment
Volcano Created from the mixture of molten lava, ash and gasses from the middle of the Earth that erupts through a crack in the Earth's surface
Waste Without any use or benefit
Water cycle The changes to water when it evaporates into the air, condenses into clouds, and then precipitates back down to the Earth's surface
Waves Moving ridges of water on the surface of the ocean caused by wind
Weather Describes the condition of the air outdoors such as temperature, cloud cover, wind speed, and rainfall
Weathering The breakdown of rock into smaller particles from the effects of wind, water and ice
Evaporation Physical change in matter from a liquid to a gas
Evidence A sign or proof
Evidence Figures, numbers, data and logic
Explanation A reason, cause or an answer
Eye/face wash station Station that flushes the eyes and face with water to remove chemicals, debris and irritants
Fire blanket A blanket made of specially treated fabric that is used if clothing catches fire
Fire extinguisher A piece of equipment that sprays chemicals to put out uncontrollable fires
Flow To move or travel smooth in a certain direction
Food web A connection of food chains with many food energy paths in an ecosystem
Force A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change direction
Fossil fuel Non-renewable flammable material (coal, oil, natural gas) made from the remains plants and animals buried in the Earth's crust for millions of years, that is used to produce heat and power
Rotation A 24-hour period, or the time it takes the Earth to make one complete rotation on its axis
Safety Prevention against hurt, injury or loss
Safety shower Structure that rinses contaminants from the body
Sand dune Hills formed by wind and blowing sand
Satellite An astronomical object that orbits a larger one
Scientist A person who uses the scientific method to study an object
Sediment Small pieces of rock
Sedimentary rock Rock made of layers of compressed organic and inorganic sediments
Shadow A dark area caused when an object blocks light falling on a surface
Shape The outline or form of an object
Solar energy Energy that comes from the Sun
Solubility Measurement of the ability of a solid to dissolve a liquid
Solution A mixture of one substance dissolved evenly in another
Sound energy Energy produced from vibration that you can hear
Properties Appearances of an object including mass, magnetism, physical state, relative density, solubility and the ability to insulate or conduct heat or electricity.
Protective gloves An accessory that protects hands from heat, chemical or biological splatters and spills
Recycle To change waste into a new and usable peoduct
Reduce Lowering the amount of waste produced by an individual or whole society
Reflection Energy waves bouncing off the surface of an object (mirrors or echoes return energy back to their source)
Refraction Energy waves that bend (change direction and speed) as they pass from one type of object to another type
Relative density Objects that are more dense sink in water; less dense objects float in water
Renewable resource Materials from the Earth that can be replaced by nature in a short period of time; for example, trees
Represent Stand in for, or symbolize
Reproduction The act of making something new
Respiration A process by which animals use oxygen and food to make energy and carbon dioxide
Reuse Using a product more than once
Freezing point The temperature at which a substance changes states from a liquid to a solid (freezing point of water is 0 degrees Celsius)
Fresh water Water found in lakes, rivers
Friction A force that stops or slows motion when objects rub together
Generalization A rule or pattern based on limited proof
Goggles An accessory that protects eyes from chemical or biological splatters and spills
Graduated cylinder A container used to measure the volume of a liquid
Graph A drawing that shows how two or more types of data are related
Gravity A force that pulls objects toward the center of the Earth
Green Friendly to the environment
Habitat A place or environment in which an organism naturally lives
Heat energy Energy that causes a change in temperature between materials
Herbivore An animal that gets its energy by eating only plants
Heredity The passing of characteristics from one generation to another
Hibernation When an animal becomes still in an enclosed space and reduces bodily functions to save energy
Humidity The amount of water vapor in the air
Hypothesis An educated guess about the outcome of an investigation that can be tested
Illuminate Light up
Illustrate Make clear or draw a picture of
Impact Direct effect or change on
Imprint A mark or depression made by pressure
Indirect evidence Evidence based on inference
Inertia The property of an object that resists movement by a force
Inference An explanation based on what you already know or what you have seen
Ingredient A single part of a mixture or solution
Inherited trait A characteristic that is passed from parents to offspring during reproduction
Insulator Material that slows down or stops electric current or heat from flowing
Investigation The search for an answer to a question
Kaleidoscope A tube that contains 3 mirrors that reflect many different designs of light passing through a colored disk on top
Kinetic energy Energy in motion
Physical state The classification of matter as a solid, liquid or gas
Pollution Materials introduced into an environment that cause damage, discomfort or instability
Population All the living things that belong to the same group and live in the same area
Position Where an object is located in space
Potential energy Energy that is stored
Precipitation Rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls from clouds in the sky
Predator An animal that hunts and feeds on another organism
Prediction An idea about what the outcome of an investigation will be
Pressure The action of force by one object against another (in a geyser, hot water escapes the pressure from under layers of the Earth's crust)
Prey An animal that hunted for food
Prism An object made of clear plastic or glass that bends light rays
Problem solving Finding an answer or solution
Procedure A planned set of steps
Producer An organism that used sunlight to make its own food for energy
Logical Expected to happen
Magnestism The property of attraction to a magnet
Magnify Increase in size, power or importance
Map A visual representation of an area
Mass The amount of matter in an object
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space
Measurement The process of using tools to observe an object's physical properties like mass, volume, temperature, etc.
Mechanical energy Energy produced by a machine or moving part
Melting point The temperature at which a substance changes states from a solid to a liquid
Microscope An instrument that uses a lens to make tiny things look larger
Migration The seasonal movement of animals from one place to another
Mimicry The resemblance of an organism to another organism or to its surroundings that gives it a better chance of survival
Mirror Any object that has a reflective surface
Mixture A combination of two or more substances where each keep their own properties and can be easily separated
Model A limited representation of an object used to help us understand its structure or how it works
Moon A natural satellite that orbits a planet. Some planets have no moons; others have over 60 moons
Natural gas A flammable material, without a definite form, produced from organic material (remains of marine organisms) buried under layers of sediment found near soil deposits
Natural resource Materials in the environment that are useful to people
Niche A role an organism plays in its environment
Night The time during its rotation when the Earth faces away from the Sun and it is dark; this rotation gives the false appearance that stars move across the sky
Nocturnal Active at night
Nonliving element Part of an ecosystem that does not require energy to survive and does not have basic needs like food and water
Nonrenewable resource Materials from the Earth that cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time; for example, coal, oil and natural gas
Created by: ThaddeusHunt