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Cell Voc

TermDefinition
Cell Membrane protective layer that covers a cell's surface and lets in protein and nutrients
Organelles 1. small body in a cell's cytoplasm 2. The nucleus, the mitochondrion, the chloroplast, the Golgi apparatus, the lysosome, and the endoplasmic reticulum are all examples of organelles.
Cytoplasm 1. all of the organelles of the cell 2. Holds the cell together
Nucleus 1. In the center and hold the cell together 2. In a eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell 1. no nucleus 2. DNA in cytoplasm 3. circular DNA 4. bacteria , yeast
Eukaryotic cell 1. has a nucleus with DNA 2. linear DNA 3. animal cell, plant cell, fungi
Bacteria 1. 1st cells on Earth 2. single cell (unicellular) 3. prokaryotic
Cell 1. The smallest functional and structural unit of all living things 2. (little room in Latin)
Tissue 1. similar cells working together 2. animal- nervous, epithelial, connective, muscle tissue 3. Plant- transport, protective, ground
Organ 1. structure that is made of tissue and has a special function 2. Animal examples- stomach, eye, kidney, lungs 3. Plant examples- leaf, stem, root
Organ System 1. Group of organs working together 2. examples- Digestive, respiratory, circulatory systems
Cytoskeleton 1. throughout the cytoplasm 2. a web of protection that gives shape and support
Lysosome More common in animal cells
Vacuole 1. Larger and plant cells 2. gives storage, digestion, and waste removal
Nucleolus Inside the nucleus and has it's own DNA and makes proteins
Chloroplasts Were photosynthesis takes place
Golgi Complex 1. Moves materials out of cell 2. protein packaging plant
ER Assists in the production, processing, and transporting of proteins
Mitochondria 1. "powerhouse of the cell" 2. breaks down fats and carbs
Ribosomes 1. Each cell has thousands 2. Make proteins 3. Found on the ER and are floating around the cell
Cell Wall 1. Found in the plant cell, fungi, and bacteria cells 2. Supports and protects the cells 3. Surrounds cell membrane
Created by: 23eh8342