Normal Size Small Size show me how
|The belief an eye for an eye can be traced to the ancient law of the Hebrews known as the
|The enlightenment concept of human nature sees individuals as all of the following except a0 Possessing Free Will, B) Constrained in their Choices, C) Hedonistic, D) Rational
|B) Constrained in their choices
|The letters de cashet required proportionality between the level of harm inflicted upon a victim and the severity of punishment. True or False
|What may be described as the state authorized imposition of deprivation-liberty, resources, or even life to one convicted of a crime? A0 Sentence, B) Punishment, C)Retaliation, D)Revenge
|Beccaria advocates that a system of punishment should include all pf the following except.. A)Proportional Punishment, B)Certain Punishment, C)Death Penalty, D) Swift Punishment, E)Making a lasting impression
|C) Death Penalty
|Benthams philosophy of social control rests on the principal of
|He believed that the cause of robbery in the 18th century London was poverty.
|Positivism (Increased, Decreased, Removed, Had no Impact) on the amount of discretion judges enjoyed in sentencing individuals
|Positivists rejected much of the philosophical basis of classical thinkers arguments and instead relied on..
|Studies of the Causes of crime to determine appropriate punisments
|Positivists approaches to punishment invoked the notion of science to determine the causes of crime and craft the appropriate punishment. True or False
|Emile Durkheim contended that punishment is functional for society in some ways. True or False
|During what period of History did Positivism emerge
|The 19th Century
|Which perspective of punishment assumes that individuals can be transformed through effective programming
|Nationwide, following release, how soon do approximately 33% of former prisoners reoffend within?
|The first 6 months
|They came to America in 1931 intent on studying the newly minted prison system
|Beaumont and Tocquerville
|In which period did the Catholic Church have its greatest influence?
|The Middle Ages
|Galley Slavery was used most regularly A)By the ancient Greeks and Romans, B)By the late Middle Ages, C) In the American Colonies, )D In Norfolk Island Australia
|B) By the late Middle Ages
|After the disentegration of feudalism what sparked government entities to increasingly respond in a more severe fashion in the demand for resources?
|Early workhouses were known as
|What location did Alexander Maconochie warden for?
|The inmates at Norfolk prison followed what type of system that rewarded them for good behavior?
|The Marks System
|He was the Sheriff of Bedford England and was influenced by the Enlightennent period
|He created the Panopticon. He was also from the Enlightment period.
|He was influenced by his Quaker religious principles as well as the Enlightement Period
|The first jail in America , built around 1606, was located in
|The influence of religion on early prison operations in the US was due primarily to..
|Which Enlightenet Period influenced reformer instituted his Great Law which deemphasized the use of corporal punishment for all but the most serious of crimes?
|One of the earliest American makeshift prisons known as Newgate prison in Simsbury Connecticut started out as a what?
|The Walnut Jail was considered by most to be the first jail. True or False
|After the Walnut jail was remodeled and reforms implemented, children were still incarcerated there. True or False
|The New gate prison in New York City did NOT focus on A Rehabilitation, B) Religious Redemption, C)Work Programs, D)Corporal,Punishment
|D) Corporal Punishment
|Which early facility was built by architect John Haviland from England
|Eastern Pennsylvania Prison
|Which prison was the Newgate Prison system modeled after?
|The Walnut Prison
|The seperate system is part of which prison model?
|The Pennsylvania Prison model
|This prison system, built 8 years before Eastern, was little studied or discussed.
|The Western Pennsylvania Prison
|The Eastern Pennsylvania Prison was the first to have this.
|Hot water and flushing toilets.
|Inmates at Eastern PA prison were only allowed to have contact with ____ and ____ .
|Clergy and teachers
|The purpose of solitary confinement was to achieve reform and _____
|This prison system model was preferred over the PA system and was copied extensively by American prison builders.
|Solitary confinement finally ended before the Civil War True or False
|False. Ended after 1913
|This prison system had small coffin-like cells and allowed inmates to work together during the day but they had to do so in silence
|What was the first major prison reform in the US?
|The declaration of principles
|What year did American Prison Congress convene?
|The reason the Southern prisons developed on a different trajectory than other prisons
|Who provided the philosophy "Justice consists of treating equals equally and unequals unequally according to relevent differences"?
|Sentence type in which number of years person may serve s not fixed
|Which statutes derived from the same punitive atmosphere that led to truth in sentencing statutes
|A presentence Investigation Report is written generally by...
|The Probation Officer
|Which entity was charged with creating the mandatory sentencing guidelines?
|The United States Sentencing Commission