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Plant Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Chlorophyll A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria.
Dicot An angiosperm that has two seed leaves.
Vein A blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart.
Cuticle The waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants.
Root The part of a plant that attaches it to the ground, conveying water and nourishment to the rest of the plant.
Pollen Tiny particles produced by seed plants that contain the cells that later become sperm cells.
Xylem The vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants.
Stem The main body or stalk of a plant or shrub.
Monocot An angiosperm with one seed leaf.
Pollination The transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures in plants.
Chloroplast A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food.
Germination The sprouting of the embryo from a seed that occurs where the embryo resumes growth.
Seed Coat The protective outer coat of a seed.
Seed The plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering.
Conifer A tree that produces its seeds in cones and that has needle-shaped leaves.
Leaf The flattened structure of a higher plant, and the main organs of photosynthesis.
Sprout The shoot of a plant.
Spore A tiny cell that is able to grow into a new organism
Phloem The vascular tissue through with food moves in some plants.
Taproot A straight tapering root growing vertically downward and forming the center from which subsidiary rootlets spring
Cotyledon An embryotic leaf in seed-bearing plants.
Sap The fluid that circulates in the vascular system of a plant.
Stomata Small openings on a leaf through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move.
Created by: Dusty's Feedbag