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Plant Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Chlorophyll A green pigment responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Dicot A flowering plant with an embryo that bears two cotyledons. They typically have broad and stalked leaves with netlkike veins.
Vein Any of the tubes forming part of the blood circulation system of the body.
Cuticle A protective, waxy or hard layercovering the epidermis of a plant.
Root The part of a plant that attaches it to the ground or to support conveying water and nourishment to the rest of the plant.
Pollen A fine, yellow powdery substance consisting of microscopic grains discharged from the male part of the flower or from the male cone. Contains a gamete that can pollinate the female part of the flower.
Xylem Tha vascular tissue in plants that conducts water and dissolved nutrients upward from the root and also helps to form the wood like element in the stem.
Monocot A flowering plant that contains one cotlyedon. Typically have elongated stalkess leaves with parallel veins.
Pollination The transfer of pollem to the stigma to allow plant fertilization.
Chloroplast A plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis occurs.
Germination The development of a plant from a seed or spore after a period of dormancy.
Seed Coat The protective outer coat of a seed.
Seed The flowering plant's unit of reproduction that is capable of growing into a new plant.
Confiners A tree that bears cones and evergreen needlelike or scalelike leaves. Conifers are important to the source of softwood.
Leaf A flatened structure of higher plant, typically green and bladelike, that is attached to a stem directly.
Sprout To put forth or shoot.
Spore A small unicellular reproductive unit capable of giving rise to new individuals with out sexual fission.
Phloem The vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other metabolic products downward from the leaves.
Taproot A straight tapering root growering vertically down froming the center from which subsidiary rootlets spring.
Cotyledon An embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants.
Sap The fluid, chiefly water dissolved sugars and mineral salts, that circulates in the vascular system of the plant.
Stomata The minute pores in the epidermis of the leaf or stem of the plant.
Created by: 22jhagman