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9th Grade World Geography - Unit 5 Study Guide

Based on the population pyramids above, which country is likely more developed? Why? South Korea because they have low birth and death rates and stable economy.
In which country would you likely find a greater percentage of people working in agriculture? Why? Burkina Faso because it's a less developed country. It's main source of economy is based on agriculture.
Why are there substantially fewer elderly South Korean men than South Korean women? Women have a longer life expectancy compared to men.
About how many people aged 10-14 are living in Burkina Faso? 1.2 million
Identify types and examples of push/pull factors. Social (religion); Political (governments, policies, wars, citizen rights) Economic (poverty) Environmental (fertile soil and famine)
What are the pros and cons of gentrification? Pros: better housing, safer neighborhoods, restoration for old buildings. Cons: expensive housing, cultural dehydration, extinction of small businesses.
demographic transition model (DTM) Stage 1 (high birth rates & low death rates; early stage), Stage 2 (less developed; high birth rates & low/incr death rates), Stage 3 (developing; decreasing births; increasing death rates), Stage 4 (more developed; low birth rate; high death rate),
What is happening in terms of population in each of the stages on the DTM? population increases drastically around the second stage, then stabilizes around the fourth stage.
In which types of countries would you likely see rapid population growth? less developed countries
What factors encouraged settlers into the Fertile Crescent? rivers were higher than the surrounding plain
How has the population base of the US shifted in the last 200 years? Why? it started NE but over the years it's gone to SW
Where are the largest clusters of population density? South Asia, East Asia, Western Europe, Northwest of North America
What kinds of problems are caused by rapid population growth? overcrowding, food and supply shortages, environmental damage
What explains population growth in the most developed countries in the world? low death rate, better living conditions, longer life expectancy
How did the Industrial Revolution affect population growth? more jobs available encouraged people to move to cities
What are some examples of forced migration? The Atlantic slave trade and North Americans
What are causes and effects of urban sprawl? Causes: improved infrastructure, population growth Effects: increased traffic, loss of rural area, pollution, loss of animal habitats
List political, social, economic, and environmental factors that cause people to become refugees. Political: governments and their policies, wars, citizen rights; Social: religious/ethnic persecution; Economic: poverty, loss of jobs; Environmental: catastrophic (natural disasters)
Explain the difference in an Emigrant and an Immigrant Emmigrant: people who leave a country to live somewhere else; Immigrant: people who immigrate to a new country.
Explain the term Megalopolis and give an example. very large city (example, Tokyo)
What are some issues that affect the population in Lesser Developed Countries? higher death rate, higher birth rate, shorter life expectancy
What are possible reasons that settlement patterns change over time. Environmental catastrophes, better land in another region
What parts of the world have more emigrants than immigrants and why? Asia, Africa, Latin America
Where do we find the greatest population distribution in the world? poles and equator
Explain the differences in urban core, rural core, rural fringe and urban fringe. Urban fringe: houses and small businesses around the urban core; Urban core: the main city. It has big businesses like Detroit. Rural fringe: country and framing houses, small houses, and farms. Rural core?
Explain how women's educational opportunities have affected fertility rates in MDC. more education --> less birth rate
List the factors that encouraged migration from North Africa to Southern Europe and explain. Poverty, repression, lack of opportunity, unemployment and political stability.



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