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body systems

systems in the body

mucus a sticky thick fluid which coats parts and traps dust in the respiratory system
cilia tiny hairlike structures on cells and the lining of many parts of the respiratory system
trachea a tube that carries air from the larynx to the lungs
lungs a organ of the respiratory system that contains bronicles and air sacs
circulation moving blood through the heart and blood vessels
bronchiole a small tube in the lungs that carries to the air sacs
digestion the process that changes food into a form that the body can use
vein a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
artery a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the other parts of the body
capillary the smallest kind of the blood vessels
air sacs the thin walled sacs in the lungs where oxygen enters the blood and carbon dioxide leaves the blood
trachea the tube that carries air from the larynx to the lungs
bladder the sac that collects and stores urine formed by the kidneys
esophagus the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach
large intestine a wider tube connected to the small intestine that removes water from undigested food and stores this waste until it is removed from the body
small intestine a narrow winding tube where food is changed chemically and broken down into small particles that can be absorbed into the blood
diaphragm the muscle below your lungs that contracts to let air into the lungs and relaxes to push air out of them
what is the function of the circulatory system moves materials around your body
stomach opens to let things in you stomach it is a small tight muscle
villi tiny figure shape structure that covers the wall of the small intestine
kidney one of a pair of organs that removes waste from the blood
what are the parts of the circulatory system arteries capillary veins
what are the types of blood vessels and there functions arteries carry away blood from the heart capillary to move blood cells to your bodies cells veins transport blood to the heart
how do the circulatory system and resp. system system work together oxygen to every cell and takes away carbon dioxide this is how it works with the resp. system
how does the resp. system work with the digestive system transporting nutrients to every cell and taking away cell waste
heart a hollow organ that pumps blood through the body
how many chamber does the human heart have 4
name each chamber right and left atrium right and left ventricle
what is the job of the resp. system to move oxygen and carbon dioxide between the outside air and your blood
what gasses are exchanged 02 C02
where is the air warmed and moistened in the body sinuses
where does the exchange of gases take place alveoli
where are the vocal cords across the larynx
what surrounds the alveoli in the lungs capillaries
what is the function of the digestive system to change food into forms the body can use
villi thin walls of small intestine that absorb food
what are the steps of digestion teeth salivary glands epiglottis esophagus
what makes saliva salivary glands
what is the function of the esophagus to carry food down your stomach
what is the difference between the small intestine and large intestine the size villi and no villi makes own food
Created by: mgravett