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7.1 terms

TermDefinition
anaerobic describes a process that does not require oxygen
aerobic respiration the process in which pyruvic acid is broken down and NADH is used to make large amounts of ATP; carried out in the presence of oxygen
alcoholic fermentation the anaerobic process by which yeast and other microorganisms break down sugars to form carbon dioxide and ethanol
cellular respiration the process by which cells obtain energy from carbs;
fermentation the break down of carbohydrates by enzymes, bacteria, yeast, or mold in the absence of oxygen
glycolysis the anaerobic break down of glucose to pyruvic acid, which makes a small amount of energy available to the cells in the form of ATP
kilocalorie a unit of energy equal to 1000 calories
lactic acid fermentation the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates that produces lactic acid as the main end product
NADH the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that functions in cell respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) an organic molecule that serves as an electron carrier by being oxidized to NAD+ and reduced to NADH
pyruvic acid the 3 carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and needed for both anaerobic and aerobic pathways of cellular respiration that follow glycolysis
Created by: Addaleigh