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Spinal Injury

types

QuestionAnswer
Axial Loading Vertical compression of the spine that results when direct forces are transmitted along the length of the spinal column
Hyperextension Rapid acceleration or decceleration may result in fractur, ligament injury, muscle injury. (Caused by the neck moving backwards)
Distraction A spinal injury that occurs if the cervical spine is suddenly stopped while the weight and momentum of the body pull away from it.
Hyperrotation Caused by acceleration or deccelaration causing the neck to move to either side. May result in fracture, ligament injury, muscle injury.
Subluxation A partial dislocation.
Hyperflexion Caused by acceleration or decceleration when tthe neck is crunched forward. May cause fracture, ligament or muscle injury.
Herniation A protrusion of a body organ or portion of an organ through an abnormal opening in a membrane, muscle, or other tissue.
Central Cord Syndrome The syndrome is characterized by greater motor impairment of the upper than lower extremities.
Anterior Cord Syndrome The syndrome is caused by pressure on the anterior aspect of the spinal cord by a ruptured invertebral disk or fragments of the veterbral body forced posteriorly into the spinal into the spinal canal.
Brown Sequard Syndrome The syndrome is a hemi transection of the spinal cord. This syndrome may result from a ruptured intervertebral disk or the pushing of a fragment of vetebral body on the spinal cord.
Created by: lexilexi