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Study-guide

Cell Structure and Organization Test (SWYK)

QuestionAnswer
Chloroplast Uses photosynthesis to change thermal energy (sunlight) to chemical energy (glucose)
Mitochondria Uses cellular respiration to transform chemical energy (glucose) into energy the plant can actually use (ATP) to do plant things-grow, make seeds, etc.
Cell Membrane Controls the materials that enter and leave the cell
Nucleus Controls the functioning of the cell; contains most of the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Vacuole Store food, water, and waste products
Cell wall If your cell is surrounded by this organelle, then it's definitely a plant cell
Organelles that HAVE chloroplasts Plant Leaves
Cell Theory 1 All living things are made up of one or more cells
Cell Theory 2 Cells are the basic unit of structure in an organism
Cell Theory 3 Cells reproduce other cells (They ONLY come from the reproduction of existing cells)
(T or F) All organisms carry out photosynthesis False
(T or F) All organisms are consumers False
(T or F) One-cell organisms like amoebas are alive True
(T or F) Multicellular organisms are more complex because their cells can specialize in certain functions True
(T or F) Unicellular organisms reproduce more quickly than multicellular organisms because their life processes occur over a shorter period of time True
Why does a nerve cell have so many dendrites? They touch each other to make sure the message gets sent to the brain (So it can get the message from the surface)
Why is a human blood cell small, round, and prokaryotic? So they can bend and fit through tiny capillaries through out the body
Why do heart muscle cells have so many nuclei and mitochondria? Because it needs the energy from the mitochondria to pump blood, so it can circulate through the blood vessels
Why do leaf cells have so many chloroplasts? So it can use it to perform photosynthesis (chloroplasts are the site of photosynthesis)
Cell The smallest, most basic, unit of living things
Tissue A group of similar cells that work together to do the same job
Organ A structure that is made up of different types of tissues that work together to do a job
Organ Sytem A group of organs that work together to carry out a life process
Organism Organ systems that work together to keep a living thing alive
From the hand out of the elodea leaf, which level of organization is it? Organ
Organelles make up cells; cells make up tissues; tissues make an organ; organs form an organ system, and organ systems work together in order to form an organism Life at its basic
Created by: Holiday8