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Ch. 9 Vocab

classification How scientists divide organisms into groups or classes based on specific characteristics
taxonomy The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms.
dichotomous key Tool that scientists use to identify organisms and that consists of the answers to a series of statements or questions.
genus The "broad" part of a scientific name.
species A group of organisms that are closely related and can reproduce. The "specific" part of a scientific name
kingdom This level follows domain and is considered the most broad level of classification.
Carolus Linnaeus "Father of Taxonomy." A Swedish scientist who founded modern taxonomy.
binomial nomenclature A two part naming system used in taxonomy.
Domain Archae Domain containing all of Kingdom Archaebacteria.
Domain Bacteria Domain containing all of Kingdom Eubacteria.
Domain Eukarya Domain containing all of Kingdom Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
Archaebacteria "Ancient" bacteria usually found in extreme environments.
Eubacteria "True" bacteria that can be found almost everywhere on Earth.
Protista Kingdom containing organisms that have many different characteristics of organisms in other kingdoms (can be plant-like or animal-like or fungi-like or a combination)
Fungi Kingdom that includes fungi, mushrooms, molds, and yeasts. Have cell walls made of chitin.
Plantae Kingdom containing plants. Have cell walls made of cellulose.
Animalia Kingdom containing animals such as beetles, worms, snakes, birds, dogs, and humans.
scientific name Name of an organism that contains the genus and species. Ex. Tyrannosaurus rex.
Created by: figueroad