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Coley-7.1 HW

QuestionAnswer
_______is the atmospheric conditions, along with short-term changes of a certain place at a certain time. weather
The pressure that a column of air exerts on the air, or surface, below it is_______. air pressure
The amount of water vapor in the air is called______. humidity
The amount of water vapor present in the air compared to the maximum amount of water vapor that the air could contain at that temperature is called_______. relative humidity
The______is the temperature at which air is fully saturated because of decreasing temperatures while holding the amount of moisture constant. dew point
_______is water, in liquid or solid form, the falls from the atmosphere. Precipitation
The_______is the series of natural processes in which water continually moves among oceans, land, and the atmosphere. water cycle
What is the thin layer of gases surrounding Earth called? the atmosphere
What decreases as altitude increases? air pressure
What can make the temperature feel warmer or colder than it actually is? wind
What does combined sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides turn into when they meet moisture in the atmosphere? acid precipitation
What happen to temperatures as altitude increases in the atmosphere? they can become dangerously hot or cold
Who are meteorologists? scientists who study and predict weather
What is the measure of the average kinetic energy of molecules in the air? temperature
What is another term for air pressure? barometric pressure
What creates wind? when air moves from high-concentration areas to low-concentration areas
What does humidity refer to? the amount of water vapor in the air
What type of air contains as much water vapor as possible? saturated
What is used to measure relative humidity? psychrometer
What are water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere? clouds
What is fog? a cloud that forms near earth's surface
Is precipitation always found in liquid form? no
What variables do scientists use to describe weather? air temperature, air pressure, wind speed and direction, humidity, cloud coverage, and precipitation
Do molecules move faster in cold or warm air? warm air
What is air typically measured in? millibars
What winds blow from west to east? westerlies
What winds blow from east to west? easterlies
What are stratus clouds like? flat, white, and layered
What are cumulus clouds like? fluffy, heaped, or piled up
What are cirrus clouds like? wispy
Created by: coleylin2687