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P&A Nut. Ab. & Trans

Plant and Animal Nutrient Absorption and Transport

QuestionAnswer
What are the main organs found in your circulatory system? Heart, arteries, veins
What are the organs included in your respiratory system? Trachea, lungs, bronchi, alveoli, diaphragm
Where does digestion start? Mouth
What path does food take through your body? Mouth -> esophogus -> stomach -> small intestine -> large intestine -> rectum
What does a plant's vascular system include? Xylem and phloem
What transports water in plants? Xylem
What transports food/glucose in plants? Phloem
What type of blood vessels carry oxygenated blood away from the heart? Arteries
What type of blood vessels carry blood back to the heart? Veins
What is the molecular formula for glucose? C6H12O6
What is the molecular formula for carbon dioxide? CO2
What is the molecular formula for oxygen gas? O2
What is the molecular formula for water? H20
Where are the majority of nutrients absorbed in your digestive system? Small intestine
What are the reactants for photosysnthesis? Carbon dioxide, water, and radiant energy
What is another term for sunlight? Solar/Radiant energy
What are the products of photosynthesis? Glucose and oxygen
What are the reactants for cellular respiration? Glucose and oxygen
What are the products of cellular respiration? ATP, water, and carbon dioxide
What type of energy is ATP? Cellular
What type of energy is glucose? Chemical
What organelle conducts photosynthesis? Chloroplast
What organelle conducts cellular respiration? Mitochondria
What organisms conduct photosynthesis? Autotrophs
What organisms conduct cellular respiration? Autotrophs and heterotrophs
What two systems primarily interact for gas exchange to occur in animals? Circulatory and Respiratory
What is the site of gas exchange in plants? Stomata
What are the cells surrounding the stomata called? Guard cells
When a plant lacks sufficient water, what is true about the stomata? They are closed to prevent transpiration.
What is transpiration? Water vapor being released from plants (plant sweat).
Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only ______________. Converted into different forms.
What is the purpose of the cuticle in plants? Waxy coating on the tops of leaves that prevents water loss.
Created by: kpartin